ICT-ENSURE Information System on Research Programmes in the Field of ICT for Environmental Sustainability

ICT-ENSURE Information System on Research Programmes in the Field of ICT for Environmental Sustainability ICT-ENSURE Information System on Research Programmes in the Field of ICT for Environmental Sustainability European Commission: ICT for Sustainable Growth European Commission CORDIS Seventh Framework Programme KIT - Karlsruhe Institute of Technology Graz University of Technology, Knowledge Management Institute International Society for Environmental Protection
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ICT Field 1.1
Automation, Robotics

Programmes assigned to this field

E-Energy E-Energy: ICT-based Energy System of the Future (E-Energy: IKT-basiertes Energiesystem der Zukunft)
E-Energy: Das "Internet der Energien" Aus einem E-Energy-Technologiewettbewerb gingen sechs Modellprojekte als Sieger hervor. Sie alle verfolgen (...)

E-Energy: Das "Internet der Energien"

Aus einem E-Energy-Technologiewettbewerb gingen sechs Modellprojekte als Sieger hervor. Sie alle verfolgen einen integralen Systemansatz, der alle energierelevanten Wirtschaftsaktivitäten sowohl auf der Markt- als auch auf der technischen Betriebsebene einschließt. Mit Blick auf die große Bedeutung von E-Energy für den Ausbau der erneuerbaren Energien und die Erhöhung der Energieeffizienz erfolgt die Förderung der Modellprojekte in einer ressortübergreifenden Partnerschaft des BMWi mit dem Bundesministerium für Umwelt, Naturschutz und Reaktorsicherheit (BMU). Das BMWi stellt für vier Modellregionen bis zu 40 Mio. Euro bereit und das BMU übernimmt die Förderung von zwei weiteren Modellregionen mit bis zu 20 Mio. Euro. Damit werden zusammen mit den Eigenmitteln der beteiligten Unternehmen insgesamt etwa 140 Mio. Euro für den Aufbau der sechs E-Energy-Modellregionen mobilisiert. Alle Projekte sollen im vierten Quartal 2008 gestartet werden. Die ausgewählten Modellregionen sollen bis 2012 ihre erfolgversprechenden Vorschläge bis zur Marktreife entwickeln und ihre Marktfähigkeit im Alltag testen.

Germany Details
EdZ Energy Systems of Tomorrow (Energiesysteme der Zukunft)
"Energy Systems of Tomorrow" is a subprogramme of the Austrian Programme on Technologies for Sustainable Development, which aims at supporting the (...)
"Energy Systems of Tomorrow" is a subprogramme of the Austrian Programme on Technologies for Sustainable Development, which aims at supporting the economy with future-oriented innovations and developments. It initiates and supports trendsetting research and development projects and the implementation of exemplary pilot projects.

Technologies for Sustainable Development is a programme of the Federal Ministry for Transport, Innovation and Technology (BMVIT) managed by FFG.

Source: http://www.ffg.at/content.php?cid=108

Austria Details
EMMA Environmental Mapping and Monitoring with Airborn laser and digital images (laserskanning och digitala flygbilder för miljöövervakning och vegetationskartering, såväl på land som i havet)
In the research programme EMMA, automated and semi-automated methods will be developed for aquatic and terrestrial environmental monitoring and (...)
In the research programme EMMA, automated and semi-automated methods will be developed for aquatic and terrestrial environmental monitoring and mapping, using laser scanning and digital aerial images. Major improvements for the assessment of ecosystem status are expected to be achieved through integration of the new data and in situ reference measurements. Among the applications that will be developed is the semi-automated mapping and change detection of shallow sea floors, where the laser scanner will provide depth data and data related to aquatic habitats, as well as data for calibration of the aerial photos. This would be a great advancement for making optical images of the sea bottom usable for automated classification. Other applications are semi-automated terrestrial vegetation mapping over large areas and development of methods for objective monitoring of vegetation changes, which can be of interest for monitoring the arctic tree-line ecotone, or monitoring over-growth in protected grasslands, to name a few examples.
Sweden Details
  New Energies 2020 (Neue Energien 2020)
New Energies 2020 is the research and technology programme by the Austrian Climate and Energy Fund. The programme especially supports the achievement (...)
New Energies 2020 is the research and technology programme by the Austrian Climate and Energy Fund. The programme especially supports the achievement of the Austrian energy and climate goals within the EU by 2020.
Austria Details
PII "Sustainable mobility" Programme "Industria 2015": Project of Industrial Innovation "Sustainable mobility" (Programma Industria 2015 – Progetto di Innovazione industriale “Mobilità sostenibile”)
In 2008, the Italian Ministry of Economic Development promoted fundings for an amount of 180 MEuros in the field od "Sustainable (...)






In 2008, the Italian Ministry of Economic Development promoted fundings for an amount of 180 MEuros in the field od "Sustainable mobility".In particular, 3 areas of interests are connected to applications of ICT and environmental sustainability, i.e.:
  • systems for secure and integrated mobility of vehicles and infrastructures for transport of people and goods
  • ships that are power efficient, ecological, easy to maintain, with intelligent systems of navigation, automation and control
  • on-board systems that are efficient and ecological
Italy Details

Projects assigned to this field

ALARM Adaptive Solutions in active technical Support of Saving Human Life (ALARM - Adaptive Lösungsplattform zur Aktiven technischen Unterstützung beim Retten von Menschenleben )
To confront the scarcity of personal and material which is characteristic for disaster situations, a comprehensive data acquisition and utilisation (...)
To confront the scarcity of personal and material which is characteristic for disaster situations, a comprehensive data acquisition and utilisation concept will be developed.

Germany Details
SPII1A0/45/07 Complex interaction between natural processes and industry with regards to major accident prevention (Komplexní interakce mezi přírodními ději a průmyslem s ohledem na prevenci závažných havárií a krizové řízení)
The project is implemented within the frame of the Research Programme Ministry of Environment for years 2007-2011. The goal of the Research Programme (...)
The project is implemented within the frame of the Research Programme Ministry of Environment for years 2007-2011. The goal of the Research Programme Ministry of Environment is to ensure protection of the environment by means of sustainable use of sources, on the basis of improving the quality of knowledge on interactions of biosphere, ecosystems, and human activities, in particular on the territory of the Czech Republic. The emphasis is put on predicting climate changes, on instruments and technologies for monitoring, prevention, and mitigation of environmental pressures and risks including health risks, as well as on protection of natural and artificial environment.
Czech Republic Details
MOEBIUS Conceptiual Design and Development of open-source based Applications for the Acquisition of environmental Informations via Mobile Computing as Data Source for Operative Environmental Information Systems (Konzeption und Entwicklung open-source basierender Anwendungen zur Erfassung umweltrelevanter Informationen via Mobile Computing als Datenquelle für Betriebliche Umweltinformationssysteme (MOEBIUS) )
Bei der im Rahmen des Umweltmanagements bzw. Stoffstrommanagements notwendigen Analyse von Daten, die zur Aufdeckung von Schwachstellen bzw. zur (...)
Bei der im Rahmen des Umweltmanagements bzw. Stoffstrommanagements notwendigen Analyse von Daten, die zur Aufdeckung von Schwachstellen bzw. zur Generierung und Planung von Maßnahmen im Rahmen des kontinuierlichen Verbesserungsprozesses notwendig sind, findet häufig ein sog. Medienbruch statt. Dies bedeutet, dass umweltrelevante Daten für die Durchführung des Stoffstrommanagements bzw. Umweltmanagements teilweise erst händisch auf nicht digitalen Medien (z.B. auf Papier) im Rahmen einer Produktionsbegehung erfasst werden, um dann anschließend in IT-Systeme übertragen werden zu müssen, damit diese Daten in sog. Betrieblichen Umweltinformationssystemen (BUIS) analysiert und für die Ableitung von betrieblichen Umweltschutzmaßnahmen genutzt werden können. Teilweise sind diese umweltrelevanten Informationen über Input- und Outputströme an einer Maschine insbesondere in KMUs noch nicht einmal bekannt bzw. es ist nur im Groben bekannt, welchen Weg einzelne Stoffströme in einem Betrieb durchlaufen (z.B. in einer Abfallbehandlungsanlage). Diese Problematik verschärft sich häufig noch, wenn man spezielle Stoffströme wie Wasser, Wasserdampf oder Energie betrachtet. Zu Erfassung dieser Ströme gibt es häufig Zähler, die aber manuell abgelesen werden müssen. Das regelmäßige Ablesen der Zählerstände wird meist noch per Zettel und Bleistift durchgeführt.

Das Projekt MOEBIUS wird gefördert durch das Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung (BMBF) unter der Fördernummer 17N2109
Germany Details
Life LINCE Conservation and reintroduction of the Iberian lynx in Andalucia (Conservación y reintroducción del lince ibérico en Andalucía)
The Iberian lynx is the most threatened carnivorous mammal in Europe. This medium-sized feline (8-14 kg) lives in areas characterised by a mixture (...)
The Iberian lynx is the most threatened carnivorous mammal in Europe. This medium-sized feline (8-14 kg) lives in areas characterised by a mixture of dense woodland, Mediterranean scrub and pasture, especially areas with an abundance of rabbits and where interference from humans is minimal. Up to the XIXth century, the species could be found in all the regions of Spain and Portugal. Since then, and particularly in the last decades of the XXth century, its population and distribution area have suffered an alarming decline mainly due to rabbit epidemics and loss of habitat. At present, the population is barely 100 individuals in only two unconnected regions of Andalucia, Andújar-Cardeña and Doñana. This catastrophic trend was partially reversed by a former LIFE project (LIFE 02/E/8609) that succeeded in stabilising the situation by maintaining collaboration with landowners and hunters, improving habitat conditions and managing rabbit populations. A wide and massive awareness raising campaign was also carried out. However, the need for additional efforts was apparent. Many deaths were occurring as a result of road accidents.
Spain Details
  Development of Multifunctional Materials Heterostructures for Hydrogen Fuel Cells
 Changes of microstructure, phase composition and surface morphology to be investigated, surface topography analyzed. Coupling processes (...)
 Changes of microstructure, phase composition and surface morphology to be investigated, surface topography analyzed. Coupling processes occurring  to be registered and correlated with hydrogenation properties. Impact of surface to be analyzed.
Lithuania Details
FIRE PARADOX FIRE PARADOX - An innovative and integrated approach to wildland fire management (FIRE PARADOX)
Fire risk in the Mediterranean is increased exponentially as a result of fuel accumulation in the landscape because of land abandonment and the (...)
Fire risk in the Mediterranean is increased exponentially as a result of fuel accumulation in the landscape because of land abandonment and the implementation of fire exclusion policies. The project will have a significant impact on European forestry policy in general.

The systematic implementation of global fire exclusion in Europe, followed North America in the realization that this policy resulted in an increase in fire risk as a result of protected, accumulating, biomass.

Based on the experience of a few prescribed burning practitioners and the result of fire-ecological research conducted in the past, the key-objective of this project is to develop new fire management policies adapted for European-use, to reduce forest fire risk. The vision of Fire Paradox participants will be (through their R&D contribution) to develop concrete and operation-viable solutions to the fire problem with regard to the social, economic and ecological impact on high intensity fires, such as the recently-experienced wildfires in Portugal, Spain and France in 2003 and 2005.
Portugal Details
Well Field Optimisation Integration of modelling, monitoring and optimisation technologies for real-time management of groundwater resources (Integration af modelering, overvågning og optimisering teknoligier for real-time styring af grundvandsressourcer)
There is an urgent need for sustainable and efficient exploitation of the groundwater resources of the world in order to ensure high quality drinking (...)
There is an urgent need for sustainable and efficient exploitation of the groundwater resources of the world in order to ensure high quality drinking water in the future.


Well field optimisation puts focus on optimising the operation of well fields to meet the following criteria:

  • High water supply liability
  • High water quality
  • Low energy consumption
  • Low environmental impact
Denmark Details
Urban energetic control system Intelligent approach to energetic system control of urban agglomeration. (Inteligentní systém pro řízení energetického systému městské aglomerace.)
The aim of the project is a design of a modular intelligent control system for energetic networks of urban agglomerations and the implementation of (...)
The aim of the project is a design of a modular intelligent control system for energetic networks of urban agglomerations and the implementation of its basic parts. The developed system enables continuous control of heat or electric distribution in a urban agglomeration with respect to climatic conditions and operational states of particular energetic sources. The project results will ensure an increased efficiency in energetic system operations with minimization of additional demands put on operators.The final outputs are obtained through principles of intelligent control theory.
Czech Republic Details
LIFE PRIORAT Making compatible mountain viticulture development with European Landscape Convention objectives (Life Priorat)
The project successfully demonstrated a 'Mountain Viticulture Sustainable Management System' – a methodology with four aims: minimisation of (...)
The project successfully demonstrated a 'Mountain Viticulture Sustainable Management System' – a methodology with four aims: minimisation of environmental impacts, conservation/improvement of the landscape, quality control for grapes and wine, and increased productivity to improve economic performance.
The system was tested in three viticulture establishments in the areas of Priorat and Empordà (both in Catalonia, Spain) and the Côtes du Rhône (southern France). Assessments showed the project had "exceeded expectations in many ways."

The project employed a number of specific innovative techniques:
Introduction of a terracing system that reduces the width of terraces by around 65 percent, and their slope by up to 60 percent, hence reducing the visual impact of terraces. This is accompanied by innovative vine architectures that follow topographic characteristics;

The terracing system also allows vegetation cover to be increased by as much as 80 percent, and includes a drainage system for rainwater. This was found to significantly reduce soil erosion;

Increasing the vegetation cover also had benefits for the organic content of soil, thus maintaining the soil's fertility;

The improved irrigation system meant the use of fertilisers and herbicides could be reduced;

Installation of subsurface drip irrigation systems meant water consumption could be cut by as much as 85 percent;

Use of a number of monitoring devices and technologies, such as dendrometers, moisture sensors and sensors to determine the temperature of soil, and weather forecasting software, which can be used to determine precisely when pesticides, if any, should be applied.


The project found that the maximum benefits are obtained if all techniques are used jointly – in other words, if 'comprehensive viticulture management' is applied, a start towards a more sustainable culture of wine production is achieved.

It was found that, employing the methodology, high quality grapes could be produced at the same or higher levels of productivity as traditional systems, therefore improving margins. Economic benefits were also derived from reduced consumption of water, energy and chemical products. Introducing the Mountain Viticulture Sustainable Management System does involve up-front investment, but, in the long term, assessments have shown this is economically viable, and can even lead to higher incomes and employment creation.

The methodology is transferable and could have great significance in particular for the conservation of natural resources in Mediterranean regions (usually wine production areas), and for the implementation of the European Landscape Convention (see: www.coe.int/EuropeanLandscapeConvention). The project developed free software that can be used in terracing design, and produced a handbook of good practices, which is also available at www.forumambiental.org. In terms of transferability, these are expected to play an important role. Future activities could see the adaptation of the methodology and techniques to other types of wine-making area (e.g. non-Mediterranean areas) or to other mountain crops.

The partners in the project are committed to continuing the use of the techniques, and to studying the results of the pilot projects over a three to four year period. This will allow collection of complementary data, in particular on long-term impacts.

Overall, the project represents a step forward in a 'new thinking' about viticulture and viniculture, based on the management of grape and wine quality using new methodologies/technologies and scientific knowledge.

Further information on the project can be found in the project's layman report and After-LIFE Communication Plan (see "Read more" section).
This project has been selected as one of the 17 "Best" LIFE Environment projects in 2008-2009.
Spain Details
PSE-CO2 PSE-CO2: Advanced processes of generation, sequestration and storage of CO2 (Tecnologías avanzadas de generación, captura y almacenamiento de CO2)
CO2 storage in geological structures has been suggested as a possible solution for reducing the emissions of this gas at short term. Geologic (...)

CO2 storage in geological structures has been suggested as a possible solution for reducing the emissions of this gas at short term. Geologic sequestration of CO2 can be accomplished by separating CO2 from flue gases and subsequently injecting it into a variety of storage reservoirs, including brine aquifers, producing or depleted oil and gas reservoirs and coal beds.

The PSE project is devoted to the injection of CO2 in deep saline aquifers, although a great part of the developments can be also applied to other geological formations. The main objective of the PSE project is to get a protocol and plan for the exploration and use of potential CO2 storage geological sites. Three fundamental research lines has been established on this context:

a) Study of analogue processes. Nature often reproduces the anthropogenic processes very well. The study of these processes (analogy study) provides data that are relevant when applied to certain activities. In the context of geological storage, there are natural reservoirs of CO2 that reproduce two fundamental scenarios: the storage and the leak. Studying these two processes can help to understand the behavior of CO2 within the subsoil and the detection of leaks. On the other hand, other industrial projects are developing techniques and materials that are very similar to those needed in the CO2 geological storage. This could be considered as a starting point in the definition of the technical specifications involved in an injection test.

b) Modeling and simulation. There are four fundamental factors that should be considered to reproduce the processes arising from the CO2 geological storage: thermal, hydrodynamic, mechanical and geochemical. The coupling of these phenomena is essential in order to properly simulate the injection of CO2. Another important factor to get accurate simulations is a properly geometrical and physical descriptions of the potential storage sites.

c) Methodological development. The capacity and physical properties of a given geological formation are not the only factors in the assessment of its performance as a feasible storage site. There are also some engineering issues that must be taken into account, regarding with the transport and injection operations, as well as the monitoring and control stages. Accordingly, it is necessary to describe the various known tools and specifications to complete the methodologies proposed during previous years.

Depending on the storage reservoir of interest and the composition of the waste gas stream (pure CO2 vs. mixtures of CO2 with other gases), injection of CO2 in geologic formations may give rise to a number of physical and chemical phenomena, such as miscible or immiscible displacement of native fluids, dissolution of injected fluids into reservoir fluids, changes in effective stress with associated porosity and permeability change and the possibility of inducing seismic activity, chemical interactions between fluids and solids, and nonisothermal effects. Key issues arising in process simulation include (i) thermodynamics of sub- and supercritical CO2, and equations of state of mixtures of CO2 with other fluids, including (saline) water, oil, and natural gas; (ii) fluid mechanics of single and multi-phase flow when CO2 is injected into aquifers, oil reservoirs, and natural gas reservoirs; (iii) coupled hydro-chemical effects due to interactions between CO2, reservoir fluids, and primary mineral assemblages; and (iv) coupled hydromechanical effects, such as porosity and permeability change due to increased fluid pressures from CO2 injection; (v) effects of spatial discretization and schemes of integration in time.

There are five fundamental aspects dealing with the CO2 sequestration that are studied by our group in the PSE project:

1) Understand how to transport, separate, purify and, in general, manage the CO2 at the surface and how to inject it.

2) CO2-rich phase flow behavior within the geological site, and how to ensure the isolation at long term.

3) Trapping mechanism of CO2 by dissolution in the aqueous phase, (i.e., bicarbonate and carbonic acid).

4) Interaction between the aqueous solutes and minerals, as well as the capacity of the medium to neutralize the solution and mineralize the CO2 (mineral trapping mechanism).

5) Coupled hydromechanical effects, such as changes in porosity and permeability caused by the fluid pressures due to CO2 injection.

The study of these issues has been divided into four research lines, called: PHASECO2, MIXING, REACTION and HYDROMECHANICAL. The advances of our group involve, on one hand, code development to model and simulate generic situations and case studies. PROOST and CHEPROO codes are the main tools involved in this task. On the other hand, our group is looking into the phenomena related to the establishment of the convective regime, which favors mixing process and thus increments the rates at which CO2 is stored in the aquifer. We also have developed analytical solutions describing the dynamic of the interface between the CO2 and the resident fluid during the injection at supercritical conditions into a deep aquifer. In addition, we study the impact of media heterogeneity (intrinsic permeability) and the injection rate on the dispersion of the interface between the CO2-rich and aqueous phases.

 
Spain Details
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