ICT-ENSURE Information System on Research Programmes in the Field of ICT for Environmental Sustainability

ICT-ENSURE Information System on Research Programmes in the Field of ICT for Environmental Sustainability ICT-ENSURE Information System on Research Programmes in the Field of ICT for Environmental Sustainability European Commission: ICT for Sustainable Growth European Commission CORDIS Seventh Framework Programme KIT - Karlsruhe Institute of Technology Graz University of Technology, Knowledge Management Institute International Society for Environmental Protection
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Sustainability Field 1.3
Nature, Biodiversity

Programmes assigned to this field

  Environmental Genomics (Environmental Genomics)
Studying genes and the environment The Environmental Genomics programme has been acquiring and exploiting sequence data for whole and partial (...)
Studying genes and the environment
The Environmental Genomics programme has been acquiring and exploiting sequence data for whole and partial genomes, helping us to understand environmental biology.
One important aim has been to demonstrate to the environmental community, in particular regulators and industry, how post-genomic technologies can be applied to tackle environmental issues.
United Kingdom Details
GBIF-D Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Weltweit wird in unzähligen Projekten und Institutionen geforscht, um die Ursachen für die Bedrohung der biologischen Vielfalt zu erkennen und (...)
Weltweit wird in unzähligen Projekten und Institutionen geforscht, um die Ursachen für die Bedrohung der biologischen Vielfalt zu erkennen und optimale Strategien für ihren Schutz zu entwickeln. Im organismischen Bereich werden bereits seit mehr als 250 Jahren biodiversitätsbezogene wissenschaftliche Daten erhoben und gespeichert; so z.B. in den weltweit auf etwa 3 Milliarden Exemplare geschätzten Beständen naturkundlicher Forschungssammlungen. Diese Sammlungen dienen für viele Forschungsbereiche der Biologie, Medizin oder Umweltwissenschaften als unverzichtbare "Datenbanken des Lebens" und stellen zugleich ein bedeutendes Reservoir genetischer Ressourcen dar. Die hier existierenden Informationen sind jedoch bisher verstreut, nur schwer zugänglich und somit nicht voll nutzbar.

Dieser schwierige Zugriff auf Informationen über Vielfalt und Verschiedenartigkeit von Genen, Arten, Tier- und Pflanzengesellschaften und Ökosystemen verursacht Kosten und beeinträchtigt Entscheidungsprozesse in vielen Bereichen: im Natur- und Artenschutz, bei politischen Entscheidungen oder bei der Suche nach möglichen Quellen für die Biotechnologie.
Die internationale Initiative zu GBIF hat die Vernetzung und freie Verfügbarmachung der weltweit vorhandenen Daten zur biologischen Vielfalt per Mausklick für jedermann über das Internet zum Ziel. Diese Aufgabe ist von einzelnen Staaten nicht zu leisten. Deshalb erarbeitete in den letzten Jahren eine Arbeitsgruppe zur Biodiversitätsinformatik aus Vertretern von 20 Staaten und der EU im Rahmen des Megascience Forums der OECD (Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development) ein Verfahren für die Einrichtung von GBIF. Als Ergebnis entstand im März 2001 die Einrichtung GBIF auf der Basis einer internationalen Vereinbarung von zu diesem Zeitpunkt 11 beitragszahlenden Staaten. Mittlerweile beteiligen sich über 50 Staaten an der GBIF Initiative.
Germany Details
NRP II 2B Healthy and quality life (Zdravý a kvalitní život)
Please note that calls for submission of project proposals are closed The National research  programme II with its subprogramme  " (...)
Please note that calls for submission of project proposals are closed

The National research  programme II with its subprogramme  " Healthy and quality life" will help to achieve the tasks of agriculture and altered food industry in the early 21st century. The tasks may be specified as follows: safe food production with clear definition of origin, stabilization of the rural population and settlement and landscape protection by crops production for
non-food uses. Progress in understanding the molecular biology of the human genome has created an entirely new conditions for diagnosis and treatment of diseases, including the most serious diseases. Medical and medical research in all developed countries is oriented in this direction. Advanced physics and chemistry of materials at the nano level, opening new opportunities for their application in imaging techniques, transplantation medicine and molecular therapy.
Protecting the environment and its basic components is a complex problem, which
solution requires considerable investment, regulatory changes and compliance monitoring
changes in organization and management of a wide range of other measures. Completely irreplaceable is therefore role of research and development. Thematic program provides very specific tasks and objectives to use of research results obtained clearly contributed to improving the environment.
Czech Republic Details
RPV MŽP - SP4 Land monitoring and the assessment tools (SP4 - Pozorování Zeme a nástroje pro posuzování)
The fourth research sub programme of the  Ministry of the Environment of the Czech Republic (MoE) addresses the following (...)
The fourth research sub programme of the  Ministry of the Environment of the Czech Republic (MoE) addresses the following issues: 
SP4h - Optimization of information including research applications for higher efficiency and
general availability of information
SP4i - Methods and tools for predicting and assessment, including modeling of socio-economic aspects of the sustainable development.

The sub programme objectives are:
- Develop a policies effectiveness evaluation methodology based on the principle of sustainable development.
- Develop proposals for tools and methodologies for digitalization of the maps
and information on the environment and finalize the integrated database of old
damage sites (contaminated areas and others).
- Create a new information structure within the scope of the environmental sector including
integrated entrance to information.
- Develop proposals for the updated model for lifelong learning education in environmental fields.
- Identify, measure and assess effectivity of public funds to the evironment protection..
- Create a system of indicators for evaluating the links between environment,
economy and society.
- The economically recycle used and selected secondary materials.
- Effective regeneration of old industrial regions.

The sub programme wins:
- Evaluation of policies according to the principle of sustainable development.
- Local maps with data on the environment in the network.
- Completion of an integrated database of old damage sites.
- Easy access to electronic sources of information on environmental and upgrading information infrastructure, including the implementation of model management
with knowledge of the real-life environment management information processes.
- Higher transparency in public spending on environmental protection.
- Continuous monitoring of the development exact environment in CR.
- Increase efficiency use of secondary raw materials.
- New possibilities of regeneration of old industrial region.
Czech Republic Details
Mistra-SWECIA Mistra SWEdish research programme on Climate, Impacts and Adaptation
Mistra-SWECIA is a research programme on climate, impacts and adaptation. It extends and transcends state-of-the-art disciplinary research on climate (...)
Mistra-SWECIA is a research programme on climate, impacts and adaptation. It extends and transcends state-of-the-art disciplinary research on climate science, biology/ecology, economics, and social sciences.

The overarching aim is to create a capacity for advanced analysis and consistent assessment of climate, economy and impacts. Global and regional models of climate, economy and impacts are the main tool, together with data on natural and human processes and systems. The application of this capacity involves also a strong line of research on the adaptation process itself, focusing on learning from experience, putting new knowledge into use, identifying bottlenecks and opportunities.

The programme scope is global, with focus on regional and local scales in the Nordic region. Climate, impacts, economy and adaptation are considered on and across all these scales, including couplings and feed back. Indeed, Mistra-SWECIA forges a new interdisciplinary approach. This will serve as a stepping stone for improved and useful understanding and handling of the systems, processes and issues at hand.

Sweden Details
  Sustainable Marine Bioresources (Sustainable Marine Bioresources)
The Prime Minister's Strategy Report on the future for UK fishing1 called for Research Councils, universities and government agencies to pool their (...)
The Prime Minister's Strategy Report on the future for UK fishing1 called for Research Councils, universities and government agencies to pool their scientific expertise to help deliver the knowledge and understanding needed to progress the objectives and practice of ecosystem-based fisheries management.
United Kingdom Details
UKPopNet UK Population Biology Network (UK Population Biology Network)
UKPopNet is a network of institutions founded by the universities of Aberdeen, East Anglia, Leeds, Sheffield and York, together with NERC's Centre (...)
UKPopNet is a network of institutions founded by the universities of Aberdeen, East Anglia, Leeds, Sheffield and York, together with NERC's Centre for Ecology & Hydrology. It encompasses scientists, policy makers and practitioners tackling major environmental problems.
United Kingdom Details
URGENT Urban Regeneration and the Environment (Urban Regeneration and the Environment)
Understanding and tackling environmental issues in urban areas. URGENT was the most ambitious programme of its kind in Europe. Britain's scientists (...)
Understanding and tackling environmental issues in urban areas.
URGENT was the most ambitious programme of its kind in Europe. Britain's scientists and engineers spearheaded 40 research projects into the environment in urban areas in four key areas - air, water, soil and ecology
United Kingdom Details

Projects assigned to this field

BECC Biodiversity and Ecosystem services in a Changing Climate
BECC is a strategic research initiative that strives for a better understanding of the impacts of climate change and land use decisions on (...)

BECC is a strategic research initiative that strives for a better understanding of the impacts of climate change and land use decisions on terrestrial ecosystems and biodiversity, addressing the consequences of ecosystem changes for human beings and socio-economic systems. The vision of BECC is to evolve interdisciplinary research approaches that contribute to the sustainable management of ecosystems and biodiversity in a rapidly changing world.
 

BECC aims to:

  • Assess climate change impacts on biodiversity and ecosystem services in Sweden, with a particular focus on forest, agricultural and subarctic ecosystems, but also including aquatic systems that are affected by runoff from forest and farmland.
  • Support regional, national and international policymakers through the scientific evaluation of policy options combining adaptation and mitigation strategies to climate change with conservation of biodiversity and ecosystem resilience.
  • Create synergies and added value to the climate impacts research at Lund University and University of Gothenburg by bringing together modelling, empirical ecology, economics and social science analysis, and by integrating stakeholder experience in the research process.

 

Sweden Details
Life LINCE Conservation and reintroduction of the Iberian lynx in Andalucia (Conservación y reintroducción del lince ibérico en Andalucía)
The Iberian lynx is the most threatened carnivorous mammal in Europe. This medium-sized feline (8-14 kg) lives in areas characterised by a mixture (...)
The Iberian lynx is the most threatened carnivorous mammal in Europe. This medium-sized feline (8-14 kg) lives in areas characterised by a mixture of dense woodland, Mediterranean scrub and pasture, especially areas with an abundance of rabbits and where interference from humans is minimal. Up to the XIXth century, the species could be found in all the regions of Spain and Portugal. Since then, and particularly in the last decades of the XXth century, its population and distribution area have suffered an alarming decline mainly due to rabbit epidemics and loss of habitat. At present, the population is barely 100 individuals in only two unconnected regions of Andalucia, Andújar-Cardeña and Doñana. This catastrophic trend was partially reversed by a former LIFE project (LIFE 02/E/8609) that succeeded in stabilising the situation by maintaining collaboration with landowners and hunters, improving habitat conditions and managing rabbit populations. A wide and massive awareness raising campaign was also carried out. However, the need for additional efforts was apparent. Many deaths were occurring as a result of road accidents.
Spain Details
Es-Wamar ENVIRONMENTALLY-FRIENDLY MANAGEMENT OF SWINE WASTE BASED ON INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGY: A DEMONSTRATION PROJECT SET IN ARAGÓN (SPAIN) 2006. (GESTIÓN MEDIOAMBIENTALMENTE CORRECTA Y SOSTENIBLE DEL PURÍN PORCINO BASADA EN TECNOLOGÍAS INNOVADORAS: PROYECTO DE DEMOSTRACIÓN LLEVADO A CABO EN ARAGÓN (ESPAÑA) 2006.)
ES-WAMAR is a large-scale European demonstration Project on handling swine waste promoted by SODEMASA, the Society for Environmental Development (...)

ES-WAMAR is a large-scale European demonstration Project on handling swine waste promoted by SODEMASA, the Society for Environmental Development in Aragon, and approved by the European Union within the framework of the Life-Environmental Programme.

The Project will be conducted in three different areas, with the same initial problems, such is the large amount of pig waste produced, with several management systems being proposed in keeping with the specific characteristics of each area.

As alternative to the management of swine waste, the valorisation of the livestock waste is prioritized as nutrients recycling in farmlands, and later, when it does not exist enough farmland area available, swine waste is treated biologically.

Spain Details
FIRE PARADOX FIRE PARADOX - An innovative and integrated approach to wildland fire management (FIRE PARADOX)
Fire risk in the Mediterranean is increased exponentially as a result of fuel accumulation in the landscape because of land abandonment and the (...)
Fire risk in the Mediterranean is increased exponentially as a result of fuel accumulation in the landscape because of land abandonment and the implementation of fire exclusion policies. The project will have a significant impact on European forestry policy in general.

The systematic implementation of global fire exclusion in Europe, followed North America in the realization that this policy resulted in an increase in fire risk as a result of protected, accumulating, biomass.

Based on the experience of a few prescribed burning practitioners and the result of fire-ecological research conducted in the past, the key-objective of this project is to develop new fire management policies adapted for European-use, to reduce forest fire risk. The vision of Fire Paradox participants will be (through their R&D contribution) to develop concrete and operation-viable solutions to the fire problem with regard to the social, economic and ecological impact on high intensity fires, such as the recently-experienced wildfires in Portugal, Spain and France in 2003 and 2005.
Portugal Details
LIFE PRIORAT Making compatible mountain viticulture development with European Landscape Convention objectives (Life Priorat)
The project successfully demonstrated a 'Mountain Viticulture Sustainable Management System' – a methodology with four aims: minimisation of (...)
The project successfully demonstrated a 'Mountain Viticulture Sustainable Management System' – a methodology with four aims: minimisation of environmental impacts, conservation/improvement of the landscape, quality control for grapes and wine, and increased productivity to improve economic performance.
The system was tested in three viticulture establishments in the areas of Priorat and Empordà (both in Catalonia, Spain) and the Côtes du Rhône (southern France). Assessments showed the project had "exceeded expectations in many ways."

The project employed a number of specific innovative techniques:
Introduction of a terracing system that reduces the width of terraces by around 65 percent, and their slope by up to 60 percent, hence reducing the visual impact of terraces. This is accompanied by innovative vine architectures that follow topographic characteristics;

The terracing system also allows vegetation cover to be increased by as much as 80 percent, and includes a drainage system for rainwater. This was found to significantly reduce soil erosion;

Increasing the vegetation cover also had benefits for the organic content of soil, thus maintaining the soil's fertility;

The improved irrigation system meant the use of fertilisers and herbicides could be reduced;

Installation of subsurface drip irrigation systems meant water consumption could be cut by as much as 85 percent;

Use of a number of monitoring devices and technologies, such as dendrometers, moisture sensors and sensors to determine the temperature of soil, and weather forecasting software, which can be used to determine precisely when pesticides, if any, should be applied.


The project found that the maximum benefits are obtained if all techniques are used jointly – in other words, if 'comprehensive viticulture management' is applied, a start towards a more sustainable culture of wine production is achieved.

It was found that, employing the methodology, high quality grapes could be produced at the same or higher levels of productivity as traditional systems, therefore improving margins. Economic benefits were also derived from reduced consumption of water, energy and chemical products. Introducing the Mountain Viticulture Sustainable Management System does involve up-front investment, but, in the long term, assessments have shown this is economically viable, and can even lead to higher incomes and employment creation.

The methodology is transferable and could have great significance in particular for the conservation of natural resources in Mediterranean regions (usually wine production areas), and for the implementation of the European Landscape Convention (see: www.coe.int/EuropeanLandscapeConvention). The project developed free software that can be used in terracing design, and produced a handbook of good practices, which is also available at www.forumambiental.org. In terms of transferability, these are expected to play an important role. Future activities could see the adaptation of the methodology and techniques to other types of wine-making area (e.g. non-Mediterranean areas) or to other mountain crops.

The partners in the project are committed to continuing the use of the techniques, and to studying the results of the pilot projects over a three to four year period. This will allow collection of complementary data, in particular on long-term impacts.

Overall, the project represents a step forward in a 'new thinking' about viticulture and viniculture, based on the management of grape and wine quality using new methodologies/technologies and scientific knowledge.

Further information on the project can be found in the project's layman report and After-LIFE Communication Plan (see "Read more" section).
This project has been selected as one of the 17 "Best" LIFE Environment projects in 2008-2009.
Spain Details
DISCO Multi-scale modeling of the coupling between biodiversity and structure in biofilms (Modélisation Multi-échelles du COuplage BioDiversité Structure dans les biofilms)
Biofilms are present in many natural ecosystems and usually include billions of microorganisms, from hundreds or even thousands of species. Under (...)

Biofilms are present in many natural ecosystems and usually include billions of microorganisms, from hundreds or even thousands of species. Under specific conditions, these bacteria produce an adhesive matrix of complex spatial structures. A biofilm is typically a complex system, in the sense that it is composed of a huge numbers of micro-organisms and the interactions between individuals are driven by both the spatial structure of the biofilm and the biodiversity of species. In modern wastewater treatment plants, biofilms facilitate the management and improve the purification efficiency of the bioreactors.

 

The objective of DISCO is to develop and study computational and mathematical models of biofilm dynamics, taking into account the biodiversity (distribution of bacteria species) and spatial structure. The project gathers specialists of IBM study and reduction techniques, mathematical analysis of ecosystems modelling, multi-scale modelling of complex structures and dynamics, wastewater engineering and biodiversity measurements through DNA fingerprints, and solid waste biodegradation and microscopic biofilm structure imaging. During the project, models will be confronted to experimental data at both micro and macroscopic scales.

France Details
Nuh'un Gemisi National Noah’s Arc Biodiversity Database (Nuh’un Gemisi Biyolojik Çeşitlilik Veritabanı)
 ‘Nuh’un Gemisi’ Biodiversity Database (www.nuhungemisi.gov.tr) is a national public internet based biodiversity database which store Turkey’s (...)
 ‘Nuh’un Gemisi’ Biodiversity Database (www.nuhungemisi.gov.tr) is a national public internet based biodiversity database which store Turkey’s biogeography species observation records. The database was put into use by 18th October 2007. National Bio-Diversity Database (Noah’s Ark) of the Ministry of Environment and Forestry- Unit for Bio-Diversity Monitoring includes data on especially mammals, birds, reptiles, fish, amphibians, some invertebrates, and state, availability, existence tendencies, fertility, wintering states, distributions and habitats of these species, plant species and distribution and borders, statutes and habitats of protected areas. Besides it is the database where some indicator types are represented with the purpose of monitoring bio-diversity of the country.

 

Turkey Details
ETF7510 Occurence of extreme precipitation and drought in changing climatic conditions in Estonia: reasons of their formation, predictability, and their consequences of water regime of inland water bodies and on living nature
Global climate warming is clearly expressed in Estonia during the last decades. Mean surface air temperature has significantly increased, especially (...)
Global climate warming is clearly expressed in Estonia during the last decades. Mean surface air temperature has significantly increased, especially in winter and spring. Duration of snow cover and sea ice has remarkable decreased, the start of plant phenological phases in spring has shifted earlier by ca two weeks. Cyclonic activity has intensified and storminess has increased in winter season. Changes in precipitation regime are more unclear and they have been less studied. Extreme precipitations and droughts are one of the main climate risks in Estonia. The objective of this project proposal is to study this problem in more details.
(Estonian Research IS)
Estonia Details
Verde pubblico The web site of public gardens of Rimini (Italy) (Il sito del verde pubblico del Comune di Rimini)
This project provides to all users a Web site on the public gardens and vegetation in the Municipality of Rimini (Italy). It is uniquely based on (...)
This project provides to all users a Web site on the public gardens and vegetation in the Municipality of Rimini (Italy). It is uniquely based on open-source technologies.
It offers an interactive maps where citizens can click on a Municipality zone and look for parks and trees that populate them.
A 'tree card' provides information on the most available species and sometimes photos of single tree can be viewed.
The objective is to raise knowledge and awareness of citizens on the importance of public vegetation and its protection.
Italy Details
MODECOL Using mathematical MODeling to improve ECOLogical services of prairial ecosystems (Using mathematical MODeling to improve ECOLogical services of prairial ecosystems )
The project MODELCOL is integrated in the framework of the urgent need for solutions for compensating human deterioration of the environment. New (...)
The project MODELCOL is integrated in the framework of the urgent need for solutions for compensating human deterioration of the environment. New environmental policies point out natural ecosystems as key elements for providing ecological services such as water purification, soil detoxification, climate regulation and advocate for the creation of new ecosystems (as surrogates for the degraded natural systems) for increasing their positive effect on the environment. The design of such new ecosystems needs to be optimized for providing the best ecological services. The project MODECOL aims at developing an hybrid model, sufficiently realistic, that will simulate a prairial ecosystem (modelled through IBM) correlated through feedbacks to environmental conditions (modelled through PDEs). This approach aims to provide a virtual laboratory for testing ecological hypothesis on complex ecological systems.
France Details
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