ICT-ENSURE Information System on Research Programmes in the Field of ICT for Environmental Sustainability

ICT-ENSURE Information System on Research Programmes in the Field of ICT for Environmental Sustainability ICT-ENSURE Information System on Research Programmes in the Field of ICT for Environmental Sustainability European Commission: ICT for Sustainable Growth European Commission CORDIS Seventh Framework Programme KIT - Karlsruhe Institute of Technology Graz University of Technology, Knowledge Management Institute International Society for Environmental Protection
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Sustainability Field 1.3.3
Biodiversity

Programmes assigned to this field

GBIF-D Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Weltweit wird in unzähligen Projekten und Institutionen geforscht, um die Ursachen für die Bedrohung der biologischen Vielfalt zu erkennen und (...)
Weltweit wird in unzähligen Projekten und Institutionen geforscht, um die Ursachen für die Bedrohung der biologischen Vielfalt zu erkennen und optimale Strategien für ihren Schutz zu entwickeln. Im organismischen Bereich werden bereits seit mehr als 250 Jahren biodiversitätsbezogene wissenschaftliche Daten erhoben und gespeichert; so z.B. in den weltweit auf etwa 3 Milliarden Exemplare geschätzten Beständen naturkundlicher Forschungssammlungen. Diese Sammlungen dienen für viele Forschungsbereiche der Biologie, Medizin oder Umweltwissenschaften als unverzichtbare "Datenbanken des Lebens" und stellen zugleich ein bedeutendes Reservoir genetischer Ressourcen dar. Die hier existierenden Informationen sind jedoch bisher verstreut, nur schwer zugänglich und somit nicht voll nutzbar.

Dieser schwierige Zugriff auf Informationen über Vielfalt und Verschiedenartigkeit von Genen, Arten, Tier- und Pflanzengesellschaften und Ökosystemen verursacht Kosten und beeinträchtigt Entscheidungsprozesse in vielen Bereichen: im Natur- und Artenschutz, bei politischen Entscheidungen oder bei der Suche nach möglichen Quellen für die Biotechnologie.
Die internationale Initiative zu GBIF hat die Vernetzung und freie Verfügbarmachung der weltweit vorhandenen Daten zur biologischen Vielfalt per Mausklick für jedermann über das Internet zum Ziel. Diese Aufgabe ist von einzelnen Staaten nicht zu leisten. Deshalb erarbeitete in den letzten Jahren eine Arbeitsgruppe zur Biodiversitätsinformatik aus Vertretern von 20 Staaten und der EU im Rahmen des Megascience Forums der OECD (Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development) ein Verfahren für die Einrichtung von GBIF. Als Ergebnis entstand im März 2001 die Einrichtung GBIF auf der Basis einer internationalen Vereinbarung von zu diesem Zeitpunkt 11 beitragszahlenden Staaten. Mittlerweile beteiligen sich über 50 Staaten an der GBIF Initiative.
Germany Details
  Sustainable Marine Bioresources (Sustainable Marine Bioresources)
The Prime Minister's Strategy Report on the future for UK fishing1 called for Research Councils, universities and government agencies to pool their (...)
The Prime Minister's Strategy Report on the future for UK fishing1 called for Research Councils, universities and government agencies to pool their scientific expertise to help deliver the knowledge and understanding needed to progress the objectives and practice of ecosystem-based fisheries management.
United Kingdom Details
UKPopNet UK Population Biology Network (UK Population Biology Network)
UKPopNet is a network of institutions founded by the universities of Aberdeen, East Anglia, Leeds, Sheffield and York, together with NERC's Centre (...)
UKPopNet is a network of institutions founded by the universities of Aberdeen, East Anglia, Leeds, Sheffield and York, together with NERC's Centre for Ecology & Hydrology. It encompasses scientists, policy makers and practitioners tackling major environmental problems.
United Kingdom Details

Projects assigned to this field

LIFE PRIORAT Making compatible mountain viticulture development with European Landscape Convention objectives (Life Priorat)
The project successfully demonstrated a 'Mountain Viticulture Sustainable Management System' – a methodology with four aims: minimisation of (...)
The project successfully demonstrated a 'Mountain Viticulture Sustainable Management System' – a methodology with four aims: minimisation of environmental impacts, conservation/improvement of the landscape, quality control for grapes and wine, and increased productivity to improve economic performance.
The system was tested in three viticulture establishments in the areas of Priorat and Empordà (both in Catalonia, Spain) and the Côtes du Rhône (southern France). Assessments showed the project had "exceeded expectations in many ways."

The project employed a number of specific innovative techniques:
Introduction of a terracing system that reduces the width of terraces by around 65 percent, and their slope by up to 60 percent, hence reducing the visual impact of terraces. This is accompanied by innovative vine architectures that follow topographic characteristics;

The terracing system also allows vegetation cover to be increased by as much as 80 percent, and includes a drainage system for rainwater. This was found to significantly reduce soil erosion;

Increasing the vegetation cover also had benefits for the organic content of soil, thus maintaining the soil's fertility;

The improved irrigation system meant the use of fertilisers and herbicides could be reduced;

Installation of subsurface drip irrigation systems meant water consumption could be cut by as much as 85 percent;

Use of a number of monitoring devices and technologies, such as dendrometers, moisture sensors and sensors to determine the temperature of soil, and weather forecasting software, which can be used to determine precisely when pesticides, if any, should be applied.


The project found that the maximum benefits are obtained if all techniques are used jointly – in other words, if 'comprehensive viticulture management' is applied, a start towards a more sustainable culture of wine production is achieved.

It was found that, employing the methodology, high quality grapes could be produced at the same or higher levels of productivity as traditional systems, therefore improving margins. Economic benefits were also derived from reduced consumption of water, energy and chemical products. Introducing the Mountain Viticulture Sustainable Management System does involve up-front investment, but, in the long term, assessments have shown this is economically viable, and can even lead to higher incomes and employment creation.

The methodology is transferable and could have great significance in particular for the conservation of natural resources in Mediterranean regions (usually wine production areas), and for the implementation of the European Landscape Convention (see: www.coe.int/EuropeanLandscapeConvention). The project developed free software that can be used in terracing design, and produced a handbook of good practices, which is also available at www.forumambiental.org. In terms of transferability, these are expected to play an important role. Future activities could see the adaptation of the methodology and techniques to other types of wine-making area (e.g. non-Mediterranean areas) or to other mountain crops.

The partners in the project are committed to continuing the use of the techniques, and to studying the results of the pilot projects over a three to four year period. This will allow collection of complementary data, in particular on long-term impacts.

Overall, the project represents a step forward in a 'new thinking' about viticulture and viniculture, based on the management of grape and wine quality using new methodologies/technologies and scientific knowledge.

Further information on the project can be found in the project's layman report and After-LIFE Communication Plan (see "Read more" section).
This project has been selected as one of the 17 "Best" LIFE Environment projects in 2008-2009.
Spain Details
DISCO Multi-scale modeling of the coupling between biodiversity and structure in biofilms (Modélisation Multi-échelles du COuplage BioDiversité Structure dans les biofilms)
Biofilms are present in many natural ecosystems and usually include billions of microorganisms, from hundreds or even thousands of species. Under (...)

Biofilms are present in many natural ecosystems and usually include billions of microorganisms, from hundreds or even thousands of species. Under specific conditions, these bacteria produce an adhesive matrix of complex spatial structures. A biofilm is typically a complex system, in the sense that it is composed of a huge numbers of micro-organisms and the interactions between individuals are driven by both the spatial structure of the biofilm and the biodiversity of species. In modern wastewater treatment plants, biofilms facilitate the management and improve the purification efficiency of the bioreactors.

 

The objective of DISCO is to develop and study computational and mathematical models of biofilm dynamics, taking into account the biodiversity (distribution of bacteria species) and spatial structure. The project gathers specialists of IBM study and reduction techniques, mathematical analysis of ecosystems modelling, multi-scale modelling of complex structures and dynamics, wastewater engineering and biodiversity measurements through DNA fingerprints, and solid waste biodegradation and microscopic biofilm structure imaging. During the project, models will be confronted to experimental data at both micro and macroscopic scales.

France Details

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