ICT-ENSURE Information System on Research Programmes in the Field of ICT for Environmental Sustainability

ICT-ENSURE Information System on Research Programmes in the Field of ICT for Environmental Sustainability ICT-ENSURE Information System on Research Programmes in the Field of ICT for Environmental Sustainability European Commission: ICT for Sustainable Growth European Commission CORDIS Seventh Framework Programme KIT - Karlsruhe Institute of Technology Graz University of Technology, Knowledge Management Institute International Society for Environmental Protection
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Sustainability Field 3.4.1
Management of Man-Made Risks from the Environment

Programmes assigned to this field

NAME Numerical Atmospheric-dispersion Modelling Environment (Numerical Atmospheric-dispersion Modelling Environment)
The Met Office's Numerical Atmospheric-dispersion Modelling Environment (NAME) is used to model a wide range of atmospheric dispersion events. This (...)
The Met Office's Numerical Atmospheric-dispersion Modelling Environment (NAME) is used to model a wide range of atmospheric dispersion events.
This includes nuclear accidents, volcanic eruptions, chemical accidents, smoke from fires, odours, airborne animal diseases as well as in the provision of routine air quality forecasts. The model is used for research activities and for emergency air pollution forecasts. NAME is a flexible modelling environment able to predict dispersion over distances ranging from a few kilometres to the whole globe and for time periods of minutes to decades.
United Kingdom Details
QUEST Quantifying and Understanding the Earth System (Quantifying and Understanding the Earth System)
QUEST's primary objective is a better qualitative and quantitative understanding of large-scale processes and interactions in the Earth system, (...)
QUEST's primary objective is a better qualitative and quantitative understanding of large-scale processes and interactions in the Earth system, especially the interactions among biological, physical and chemical processes in the atmosphere, ocean and land, and their implications for human activities.
This objective encompasses various time scales.
Geological time scales The programme is especially, but not exclusively, examining the past 100,000 to 1,000,000 years. Palaeoenvironmental observations will help us understand the natural dynamics of the Earth system (on which anthropogenic perturbations are superimposed), and the complex way the Earth system responds to change.
The contemporary era (the present and the past 10-100 years) During this time, direct observations and high-resolution reconstructions have made us increasingly aware of human influences on the Earth system.
The future (the next 100+ years) The programme will consider how responding to and mitigating anthropogenic changes in the environment will affect people. This will take a global perspective.
Additional aims
Quest's research will be relevant to policymakers, so the programme will also establish links with UK stakeholders within and outside government.
The programme aims to build new and lasting collaborations among the UK researchers and institutions (and their international counterparts) engaged in the different disciplines that contribute to Earth system science. Quest will especially, but not exclusively, encourage collaborations between researchers who have NERC funding.
Quest will build effective channels of communication between UK policy makers and scientists engaged in Earth system science.
Targets
The programme will produce improved global process-based dynamic models of terrestrial and marine ecosystems, and their interactions with the physics and chemistry of the atmosphere and ocean. The models will be given a 'benchmark' evaluation against a wide range of in situ and remotely sensed observations, and data from field experiments on land and at sea.
Quest will produce hierarchy of Earth system models of differing complexity, including physical, biological and chemical components, representations of human land and ocean resource use, and the means to interface with models of human processes, such as land use and trade in agricultural and forest products.
Quest and its international partners will develop an Earth system Atlas offering researchers 'one-stop shopping' for high-quality, peer-reviewed and properly documented global data sets of important Earth System variables. These will include palaeoenvironmental observations and socio-economic variables. The Atlas will offer well-synthesized information for a wide audience.
Policy
Quest will synthesize existing and new science addressing the topics above and related questions. The programme will give policy makers information about the likely consequences of different greenhouse gas emissions scenarios for the human environment during the twenty-first century.
Published science
QUEST science will produce influential international publications on Earth System Science topics including, but not limited to:
the pattern, mechanisms and prognosis for land and ocean uptake of anthropogenic carbon dioxide
the causes of glacial-interglacial cycles of greenhouse gases, as recorded in Antarctic ice cores
how global environmental changes might affect the sustainability of terrestrial and marine ecosystem goods and services.
United Kingdom Details

Projects assigned to this field

FIRE PARADOX FIRE PARADOX - An innovative and integrated approach to wildland fire management (FIRE PARADOX)
Fire risk in the Mediterranean is increased exponentially as a result of fuel accumulation in the landscape because of land abandonment and the (...)
Fire risk in the Mediterranean is increased exponentially as a result of fuel accumulation in the landscape because of land abandonment and the implementation of fire exclusion policies. The project will have a significant impact on European forestry policy in general.

The systematic implementation of global fire exclusion in Europe, followed North America in the realization that this policy resulted in an increase in fire risk as a result of protected, accumulating, biomass.

Based on the experience of a few prescribed burning practitioners and the result of fire-ecological research conducted in the past, the key-objective of this project is to develop new fire management policies adapted for European-use, to reduce forest fire risk. The vision of Fire Paradox participants will be (through their R&D contribution) to develop concrete and operation-viable solutions to the fire problem with regard to the social, economic and ecological impact on high intensity fires, such as the recently-experienced wildfires in Portugal, Spain and France in 2003 and 2005.
Portugal Details

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