ICT-ENSURE Information System on Research Programmes in the Field of ICT for Environmental Sustainability

ICT-ENSURE Information System on Research Programmes in the Field of ICT for Environmental Sustainability ICT-ENSURE Information System on Research Programmes in the Field of ICT for Environmental Sustainability European Commission: ICT for Sustainable Growth European Commission CORDIS Seventh Framework Programme KIT - Karlsruhe Institute of Technology Graz University of Technology, Knowledge Management Institute International Society for Environmental Protection
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Sustainability Field 1.2.3
Air

Programmes assigned to this field

  Food LINK programme (Food LINK programme)
The food industry is continuing to experience the demands of increased consumer expectations and the opportunities and challenges of the Single (...)
The food industry is continuing to experience the demands of increased consumer expectations and the opportunities and challenges of the Single European Market. The industry increasingly needs to employ advanced manufacturing techniques which allow greater process flexibility, increased efficiency in the use of energy and raw materials and reduction in waste generation.
United Kingdom Details
NAME Numerical Atmospheric-dispersion Modelling Environment (Numerical Atmospheric-dispersion Modelling Environment)
The Met Office's Numerical Atmospheric-dispersion Modelling Environment (NAME) is used to model a wide range of atmospheric dispersion events. This (...)
The Met Office's Numerical Atmospheric-dispersion Modelling Environment (NAME) is used to model a wide range of atmospheric dispersion events.
This includes nuclear accidents, volcanic eruptions, chemical accidents, smoke from fires, odours, airborne animal diseases as well as in the provision of routine air quality forecasts. The model is used for research activities and for emergency air pollution forecasts. NAME is a flexible modelling environment able to predict dispersion over distances ranging from a few kilometres to the whole globe and for time periods of minutes to decades.
United Kingdom Details
URGENT Urban Regeneration and the Environment (Urban Regeneration and the Environment)
Understanding and tackling environmental issues in urban areas. URGENT was the most ambitious programme of its kind in Europe. Britain's scientists (...)
Understanding and tackling environmental issues in urban areas.
URGENT was the most ambitious programme of its kind in Europe. Britain's scientists and engineers spearheaded 40 research projects into the environment in urban areas in four key areas - air, water, soil and ecology
United Kingdom Details

Projects assigned to this field

APHAIS Air Pollution and Health: A European Information System
Apheis (Air Pollution and Health: A European Information System) released the latest findings in its ongoing assessment of the impact of particulate (...)
Apheis (Air Pollution and Health: A European Information System) released the latest findings in its ongoing assessment of the impact of particulate air pollution on health in 26 cities in 12 European countries.  The new evidence provided by the third phase of the Apheis programme confirmed the finding of Apheis-2 that air pollution continues to pose a significant threat to public health in urban environments in Europe.
Spain Details
AIRTHESS An environmental information and early warning system for air quality in Thessaloniki, Greece (Σύστημα Έγκαιρης Πληροφόρησης των Πολιτών για την Ποιότητα της Ατμόσφαιρας στη Θεσσαλονίκη )
The Thessaloniki air quality information and early warning system (AIRTHESS), was designed and developed taking into account the state of the art in (...)
The Thessaloniki air quality information and early warning system (AIRTHESS), was designed and developed taking into account the state of the art in ICT and the way that AQ information should be disseminated and presented, either on a daily information basis, or on the basis of alerts generated by incident forecasts. AIRTHESS makes use of Google Maps  for the geographic presentation of information and Adobe Flash for the graphical presentation of air pollution time series, merged in a responsive rich web application using the Google Web Toolkit (GWT)  to perform dynamic actions. In the backend, AIRTHESS is implemented using a stack of open source libraries and frameworks, mainly based on the Eclipse Equinox implementation of the OSGi  Service Platform, allowing fine-grained reuse of existing code and extension of behaviour with minimal overhead. Further, an in-house web application framework was developed, based on Apache Velocity  for rendering and Apache Torque  for the database access. AIRTHESS uses the OSGi Event Service in publish-subscribe mode to handle dataflow requirements for new measurements and notifications. When new measurements arrive, an Event is generated describing their metadata (such as their station, the measurement series that have been updated, the first and last moment of the new data, etc) and asynchronously posted to the Event Service. Any OSGi services that have registered as handlers whose filters match the new event are then notified; the modeling subsystem is one such service, handling execution of prediction models. Any forecasts that are calculated emit their own events; the notification service is subscribed to these particular events and checks if any users should be notified of these new predictions. Being based on OSGi and the publish-subscribe pattern allows the various components to be very decoupled from each other; further, services can dynamically subscribe to the generated events without causing any downtime. The warning are being issues via e-mail and SMS to the (freely) subscribed users.
Greece Details
CALIOPE CALIOPE - Air quality forecasting system for Spain (CALIOPE- Sistema de pronóstico de la calidad del aire opertaivo para España)
This project aims to implement simulations forecasting (up to 48 hours) of air quality through an integrated system of models that represent the (...)
This project aims to implement simulations forecasting (up to 48 hours) of air quality through an integrated system of models that represent the current state of knowledge in air quality modeling, enabling the application of simulations of photochemical gaseous pollutants and particulate matter with high spatial resolution (1 to 4 km) and temporal (and therefore enable effective implementation of supercomputing infrastructure.) The proposed system consists of a model system with three basic modules: (1) mesoscale meteorological model, (2) emission model, and (3) air quality model. The system will be complemented by a fourth module to validate the results of the predictions that will qualitatively and quantitatively identify the system's ability to forecast pollution episodes air quality.
Spain Details
CITEAIR, CITEAIR II Common Information to European Air
The development of Europe´s urban centres is in many ways linked with the development of sustainable mobility options. Changes in behaviour, economic (...)
The development of Europe´s urban centres is in many ways linked with the development of sustainable mobility options. Changes in behaviour, economic growth or recession and structure of the population are factors that have an immediate impact on transport and mobility patterns. Cities and regions are the place where the most complex challenges in transport and environment need to be solved.

Air quality has unquestionably adverse effects on human health. Because the dominant source of environmental impacts in most urban areas is traffic, local and regional authorities must find efficient and integrated solutions for their environmental and traffic problems to increase the quality of life for its citizens. The pressure on European cities and regions to implement the related EU regulations on air quality has led to a multitude of initiatives to develop a concrete sustainability perspective, which compromises between environmental quality and economic growth.

However, the absence of a common approach for the implementation of these regulations has led to isolated solutions which requires an initiative for a) developing better solutions, b) more efficient solutions, c) solutions which go beyond the obligations of the related EU directives, d) creating synergies and e) sharing the know-how, knowledge and experiences.


Germany Details
ECheWeFop European Chemical Weather Forecasting Portal
The European chemical weather forecasting portal includes links to available chemical weather forecasting systems in Europe in a user-friendly (...)
The European chemical weather forecasting portal includes links to available chemical weather forecasting systems in Europe in a user-friendly graphical format. The main objective is to provide an easy access to the various air quality forecasting services in Europe. This website is scheduled to act as a public domain forum, through which the forecasts provided by the European countries can be viewed.
Greece Details
PSE-CO2 PSE-CO2: Advanced processes of generation, sequestration and storage of CO2 (Tecnologías avanzadas de generación, captura y almacenamiento de CO2)
CO2 storage in geological structures has been suggested as a possible solution for reducing the emissions of this gas at short term. Geologic (...)

CO2 storage in geological structures has been suggested as a possible solution for reducing the emissions of this gas at short term. Geologic sequestration of CO2 can be accomplished by separating CO2 from flue gases and subsequently injecting it into a variety of storage reservoirs, including brine aquifers, producing or depleted oil and gas reservoirs and coal beds.

The PSE project is devoted to the injection of CO2 in deep saline aquifers, although a great part of the developments can be also applied to other geological formations. The main objective of the PSE project is to get a protocol and plan for the exploration and use of potential CO2 storage geological sites. Three fundamental research lines has been established on this context:

a) Study of analogue processes. Nature often reproduces the anthropogenic processes very well. The study of these processes (analogy study) provides data that are relevant when applied to certain activities. In the context of geological storage, there are natural reservoirs of CO2 that reproduce two fundamental scenarios: the storage and the leak. Studying these two processes can help to understand the behavior of CO2 within the subsoil and the detection of leaks. On the other hand, other industrial projects are developing techniques and materials that are very similar to those needed in the CO2 geological storage. This could be considered as a starting point in the definition of the technical specifications involved in an injection test.

b) Modeling and simulation. There are four fundamental factors that should be considered to reproduce the processes arising from the CO2 geological storage: thermal, hydrodynamic, mechanical and geochemical. The coupling of these phenomena is essential in order to properly simulate the injection of CO2. Another important factor to get accurate simulations is a properly geometrical and physical descriptions of the potential storage sites.

c) Methodological development. The capacity and physical properties of a given geological formation are not the only factors in the assessment of its performance as a feasible storage site. There are also some engineering issues that must be taken into account, regarding with the transport and injection operations, as well as the monitoring and control stages. Accordingly, it is necessary to describe the various known tools and specifications to complete the methodologies proposed during previous years.

Depending on the storage reservoir of interest and the composition of the waste gas stream (pure CO2 vs. mixtures of CO2 with other gases), injection of CO2 in geologic formations may give rise to a number of physical and chemical phenomena, such as miscible or immiscible displacement of native fluids, dissolution of injected fluids into reservoir fluids, changes in effective stress with associated porosity and permeability change and the possibility of inducing seismic activity, chemical interactions between fluids and solids, and nonisothermal effects. Key issues arising in process simulation include (i) thermodynamics of sub- and supercritical CO2, and equations of state of mixtures of CO2 with other fluids, including (saline) water, oil, and natural gas; (ii) fluid mechanics of single and multi-phase flow when CO2 is injected into aquifers, oil reservoirs, and natural gas reservoirs; (iii) coupled hydro-chemical effects due to interactions between CO2, reservoir fluids, and primary mineral assemblages; and (iv) coupled hydromechanical effects, such as porosity and permeability change due to increased fluid pressures from CO2 injection; (v) effects of spatial discretization and schemes of integration in time.

There are five fundamental aspects dealing with the CO2 sequestration that are studied by our group in the PSE project:

1) Understand how to transport, separate, purify and, in general, manage the CO2 at the surface and how to inject it.

2) CO2-rich phase flow behavior within the geological site, and how to ensure the isolation at long term.

3) Trapping mechanism of CO2 by dissolution in the aqueous phase, (i.e., bicarbonate and carbonic acid).

4) Interaction between the aqueous solutes and minerals, as well as the capacity of the medium to neutralize the solution and mineralize the CO2 (mineral trapping mechanism).

5) Coupled hydromechanical effects, such as changes in porosity and permeability caused by the fluid pressures due to CO2 injection.

The study of these issues has been divided into four research lines, called: PHASECO2, MIXING, REACTION and HYDROMECHANICAL. The advances of our group involve, on one hand, code development to model and simulate generic situations and case studies. PROOST and CHEPROO codes are the main tools involved in this task. On the other hand, our group is looking into the phenomena related to the establishment of the convective regime, which favors mixing process and thus increments the rates at which CO2 is stored in the aquifer. We also have developed analytical solutions describing the dynamic of the interface between the CO2 and the resident fluid during the injection at supercritical conditions into a deep aquifer. In addition, we study the impact of media heterogeneity (intrinsic permeability) and the injection rate on the dispersion of the interface between the CO2-rich and aqueous phases.

 
Spain Details
TRANSREG Seasonality of the meteorological processes governing the regional transport of atmospheric pollutants (Estacionalidad de los procesos meteorológicos responsables del TRANSporte REGional de contaminantes atmosféricos - TRANSREG)
To better understand the processes involved in transport and dispersion of atmospheric pollutants on the Western Mediterranean basin, we must (...)
To better understand the processes involved in transport and dispersion of atmospheric pollutants on the Western Mediterranean basin, we must consider the regional scales. In this sense, the results of studies financed by the European Commission during the last 20 years with respect to this basin have shown the importance of mesoscale phenomena in air quality on Mediterranean urban areas.
The purpose of this project is the seasonal characterization (spring versus summer) of the meteorological processes that regulate the dispersion and transport of pollutant gases and aerosols, as well as the feedbacks and synergism associated to them. It is hence that this investigation is framed inside the seventh thematic priority of the National Subprogram of Atmosphere, Climate and Climatic Change, belonging to the National Program of Biodiversity, Earth Sciences and Global Change (National Plan of Scientific Investigation and Technological Innovation 2004-2007).
It is an applied investigation project that seeks to give answer to the growing necessity of a better characterization of the air quality. This way, the general aim of this project is the characterization of the seasonality of the meteorological processes that govern the dispersion and the transport of atmospheric pollutants throughout the mediterranean coasts of the Iberian Peninsula, as well as the feedbacks and synergism associated to the same ones.
This general aim is approached starting from the development of three specific objectives:
1.
To characterize the seasonal variation of the probable paths of regional transport and of their continuity with the mechanisms of transport in Southern Europe. In order to do so, a meteorological model (RAMS) will be run. This model will allow to describe, at a regional scale, the transport conditions in scenarios that are representative of the spring and summer seasons in Southern Europe (particularly in the Mediterranean western basin); identifying (a) the main paths of the air masses, (b) the mechanisms of regional transport, and (c) the continuity with the mesoscale processes that are developed in the Iberian Peninsula.
2.
To identify and characterize the scenarios that are representative of the inter-regional transport of atmospheric pollutants throughout the Mediterranean coast of the Iberian Peninsula during spring and summer. To achieve this, it is sought to characterize, by means of mesometeorological (RAMS) and dispersive (HYPACT) simulations, the influence that the mesoscale atmospheric dynamics has in the advecion of pollutants in coastal mountainous areas. The analysis of the seasonal variations will be carried out by means of the comparative study of (a) the drainage winds, (b) the interface earth-sea, (c) the orographic injections, (d) recirculations, and (e) the disturbance of atmospheric synoptic flow.
3.
To divulge the results on a national-wide scale (mainly through an Ozone project with the Ministry of Environment and the atmosphere working groups that this Ministry coordinates) and on the European-wide scale (mainly through the Network of Excellence ACCENT, the COST 728 action and the integrated project CarboEurope-IP).
The obtained results are expected to be useful to complement the tasks of surveillance and prediction of the air quality in the regions of the Mediterranean side, when increasing the knowledge of the relationships between the mesoscale meteorology of the Mediterranean basin and the levels of concentration of expected atmospheric pollutants. Additionally, in the European scientific scope in which the investigating group requesting this project participates, the results of this project are expected to supply additional evidences to the existing ones in connection with the peculiarities of the dispersion of pollutants in the Mediterranean basin, so that they are compared to the dispersive processes observed in Northern Europe (mainly under neutral stability conditions).
Spain Details
SiReNa Sistema Informativo Regionale ENergia Ambiente (Sistema Informativo Regionale ENergia Ambiente)
SIRENA is the Regional Informative System for Environment and Energy for monitoring the safety, efficiency and sustainability of regional energy (...)
SIRENA is the Regional Informative System for Environment and Energy for monitoring the safety, efficiency and sustainability of regional energy system of Lombardy.
SIRENA was founded in 2007 with the specific aim of monitoring fuel consumption and production and transmission / distribution of electricity in Lombardy, parameters critical to the competitiveness and environmental sustainability. With this objective, ensuring a high degree of updating information and communication in full transparency with an innovative service on web, the system provides all the information that, at different territorial levels and compared with other areas of interest, allow to delineate the energy dynamics of Lombardy.
Sirena is produced and managed on behalf of the Lombardy Region, from Cestec spa.

 

Italy Details
ECO-WISE Wireless integrated system for environment
The project offers solutions to the problems of atmosphere pollution monitoring, with the aim of detecting local sources of danger (explosive and (...)
The project offers solutions to the problems of atmosphere pollution monitoring, with the aim of detecting local sources of danger (explosive and toxic gases).

The project developed a monitoring system mainly consisting in two tools, i.e. 1. a portable monitor, to measure gas values in the field (MPM/TIEP); 2. an ‘intelligent’ hardware tool to interface environmental data detectors with monitoring and decision support systems (DISEMA).
Italy Details

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