ICT-ENSURE Information System on Research Programmes in the Field of ICT for Environmental Sustainability

ICT-ENSURE Information System on Research Programmes in the Field of ICT for Environmental Sustainability ICT-ENSURE Information System on Research Programmes in the Field of ICT for Environmental Sustainability European Commission: ICT for Sustainable Growth European Commission CORDIS Seventh Framework Programme KIT - Karlsruhe Institute of Technology Graz University of Technology, Knowledge Management Institute International Society for Environmental Protection
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Sustainability Field 1.1.2
Climate Adaptation

Programmes assigned to this field

CLIMATOOLS CLIMATOOLS
Climate change creates new conditions to which we must adapt. To assist social planners and decision makers in their adaptation measures, we are (...)
Climate change creates new conditions to which we must adapt. To assist social planners and decision makers in their adaptation measures, we are developing a set of tools.


The tools assist in dealing with matters such as how to calculate the costs of adaptation measures and the resulting revenues, how we deal with conflicting objectives, and how we can highlight ethical issues.

The tools will be developed in preliminary form in the initial part of the programme and then tested and improved in the second part. In the course of this process, new knowledge of the adaptation will be gained, which may be necessary in Sweden a little further ahead in time.

The eight tools

  1. Scenario-based convergence seminars that shed light on the ethical arguments for selecting action and strategies.
  2. Typical scenarios that facilitate the development of local scenarios for supporting decision.
  3. Methods for adaptability analysis based on vulnerability analysis methods.
  4. Manual for analysis of the health consequences of climate change.
  5. Guidelines for the economic analysis of climate change and adaptation to it.
  6. Checklist that can be used to detect and deal with ethical problems arising when society adopts measures for adapting to climate change.
  7. Handbook which describes methods that can be used for handling conflicts that may arise between the set objectives.
  8. Guide for dealing with gender and gender equality issues in adaptation to climate change.
Sweden Details
JWCRP Joint Weather and Climate Research Programme (Joint Weather and Climate Research Programme)
The programme was launched in March 2009 as the Joint Climate Research Programme. The programme's overarching aim is ensuring, in areas of common (...)
The programme was launched in March 2009 as the Joint Climate Research Programme. The programme's overarching aim is ensuring, in areas of common interest to the Met Office and NERC, that the UK maintains and strengthens its leading international position in climate science, and hence in climate forecasting and provision of advice for climate policy.
United Kingdom Details
LWEC Living With Environmental Change (Living With Environmental Change)
New science and research for a secure future Our planet faces unprecedented change. If we continue on our current path, by the end of this century, (...)
New science and research for a secure future
Our planet faces unprecedented change. If we continue on our current path, by the end of this century, or earlier, our environment will be in a state that modern humans have never experienced. In parts of the world, supplies of food and water will be at risk and flood defences stretched.
United Kingdom Details
Mistra-SWECIA Mistra SWEdish research programme on Climate, Impacts and Adaptation
Mistra-SWECIA is a research programme on climate, impacts and adaptation. It extends and transcends state-of-the-art disciplinary research on climate (...)
Mistra-SWECIA is a research programme on climate, impacts and adaptation. It extends and transcends state-of-the-art disciplinary research on climate science, biology/ecology, economics, and social sciences.

The overarching aim is to create a capacity for advanced analysis and consistent assessment of climate, economy and impacts. Global and regional models of climate, economy and impacts are the main tool, together with data on natural and human processes and systems. The application of this capacity involves also a strong line of research on the adaptation process itself, focusing on learning from experience, putting new knowledge into use, identifying bottlenecks and opportunities.

The programme scope is global, with focus on regional and local scales in the Nordic region. Climate, impacts, economy and adaptation are considered on and across all these scales, including couplings and feed back. Indeed, Mistra-SWECIA forges a new interdisciplinary approach. This will serve as a stepping stone for improved and useful understanding and handling of the systems, processes and issues at hand.

Sweden Details

Projects assigned to this field

BECC Biodiversity and Ecosystem services in a Changing Climate
BECC is a strategic research initiative that strives for a better understanding of the impacts of climate change and land use decisions on (...)

BECC is a strategic research initiative that strives for a better understanding of the impacts of climate change and land use decisions on terrestrial ecosystems and biodiversity, addressing the consequences of ecosystem changes for human beings and socio-economic systems. The vision of BECC is to evolve interdisciplinary research approaches that contribute to the sustainable management of ecosystems and biodiversity in a rapidly changing world.
 

BECC aims to:

  • Assess climate change impacts on biodiversity and ecosystem services in Sweden, with a particular focus on forest, agricultural and subarctic ecosystems, but also including aquatic systems that are affected by runoff from forest and farmland.
  • Support regional, national and international policymakers through the scientific evaluation of policy options combining adaptation and mitigation strategies to climate change with conservation of biodiversity and ecosystem resilience.
  • Create synergies and added value to the climate impacts research at Lund University and University of Gothenburg by bringing together modelling, empirical ecology, economics and social science analysis, and by integrating stakeholder experience in the research process.

 

Sweden Details
VALURI development of an approach/methodology of integrated eVALUation supporting river hydraulic-morphologic assett definition being effective, sustainable and environmentally compatible to face flood and erosion RIsk (VALURI - sviluppo di un approccio/metodologia di VALUtazione integrata a supporto della definizione di assetto idraulico-morfologico efficiente, sostenibile e ambientalmente compatibile di un corso d'acqua per fronteggiare il RIschio idraulico)
VALURI aims at defining a tool for Italy (and Mediterranean countries in the same context) to be used when facing and mitigating hydraulic risk by a (...)
VALURI aims at defining a tool for Italy (and Mediterranean countries in the same context) to be used when facing and mitigating hydraulic risk by a land planning more effective and sustainable. Significant changes in the land context and cover could be taken into account.
The case study is referred to the river Chiese, in Northern Italy

Italy Details
PREVASSEMBLE Ensemble Methods for Assimilation of Observations and for Prevision in Meteorology and Oceanography (Méthodes d'Ensemble pour l'Assimilation des Observations et la Prévision en Météorologie et Océanographie)
Forecasting and Data assimilation for Meteorological and Oceanographical Observations (...)
Forecasting and Data assimilation for Meteorological and Oceanographical Observations
France Details
HybCO2 Hybrid approaches to assess economic, environmental and technological impacts of long term low carbon scenarios: the Portuguese case
Climate change is currently acknowledged by policy makers and scientific community as one of the major challenges faced by mankind. Its long-term (...)
Climate change is currently acknowledged by policy makers and scientific community as one of the major challenges faced by mankind. Its long-term impacts can affect human development in a decisive way, changing available resources, the pace of economic activities, life-styles and well-being.
Significant efforts are being developed on the implementation of carbon mitigation policies and measures, both at national and the European Union (EU)level. Scenarios are relevant approaches for planning greenhouse gas (GHG) mitigation by exploring economic, technological and environmental implications of different pathways, tackling the uncertainty associated to long-term future development.
Several energy-economic-environmental models have been developed to quantify such scenarios, being technological bottom-up and economic top-down(especially computable general equilibrium (CGE)) models the most common.
However, both models have inherent limitations which originate often divergent results, leading to uncertainty. Top-down models do not include technological detail, overestimating economic adjustments of the energy system, and tend to ignore technological changes induced by prices adjustments, due to e.g. energy-related GHG emissions abatement. These models help policy makers assess economy-wide policy instruments such as carbon taxes, but are ineffective in assessing the role of technological development to achieve a low carbon economy. On the other hand, the bottom-up models rely heavily on cost-effectiveness of energy technologies and ignore the macroeconomic feedbacks of different energy/climate policies, resulting on cost underestimation to achieve environmental goals.
Nevertheless, the impact of long-term carbon mitigation policies is not restricted to the energy system and should be analyzed within an economic framework, including expected changes in sector productivity, which induce changes in energy demand.
 
Some studies have argued on the need to integrate the two modeling paradigms in order to minimize their weaknesses. Few technologically explicit, behaviourally realistic and macroeconomic complete hybrid models have been developed. Three major approaches have been adopted: i)“soft-link” between two independent top-down and bottom-up models through an iterative process between inputs and outputs; ii) Mixed Complementarity Problem (MCP) to join the two modelling forms in a single integrated model, introducing technological detail in CGE models, iii) link one model to a simplified form of the other, generally link a bottom-up model to a simplified CGE model.
 
The objective of HybCO2 project is to advance on modelling tools to reduce uncertainty and improve impact assessment and policy design for aggressive long-term low carbon scenarios. Two distinct hybrid tools will be developed, using the Portuguese economy until 2050 as a case-study: i) HYBGED (HYBrid General Equilibrium Dynamic) model sustained by MCP; and ii) HYBTEP (HYBrid Technological Economic Platform) supported by a soft-link between the bottom-up model, TIMES_PT (The Integrated MARKAL-EFOM System) and the top-down GEM-E3_PT (General Equilibrium Model for Economy – Energy – Environment), both implemented and validated for the case study.
 
For a set of scenarios that explore future Portuguese socio-economic pathways up to 2050, including technological development, the two hybrid tools will be used to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of GHG abatement options and its economic feedback on prices, production, income and economic welfare. The research will focus on the technological/behavioural changes and low cost abatement opportunities to achieve low carbon pathways, including a carbon neutral one, and on the analysis and optimisation of policy instruments required to achieve them. The performance and the strengths of both hybrid tools will be compared in order to enhance their strengths and overcome their limitations, minimizing the uncertainty in impact assessment of carbon mitigation policies for the long term, issuing recommendations for long-term GHG reduction targets.  
 
HybCO2 will advance the research on hybrid modelling and climate policy analysis, through: i) development of two new dynamic hybrid energy-environment-economy modelling tools establishing a top-down and bottom-up equilibrium for highly-disaggregated economic sectors, currently not in state-of-the-art modelling; ii) improving the cost-effectiveness assessment of long-term energy/climate policy instruments, reducing their uncertainty by comparing the two tools results and including aspects beyond the conventional dual objective of emission and cost reduction (including macroeconomic feedback), namely, energy efficiency and security of supply; iii) assessing long-term impacts from aggressive carbon reduction on the Portuguese small open economy. The latter is of utmost relevance to support national policy decisions within the ongoing EU and global climate negotiations.
Portugal Details
  Importance of Genetic Factors in Formation of Forest Stands with High Adaptability and Qualitative Wood Properties (Ģenētisko faktoru nozīme adaptēties spējīgu un pēc koksnes īpašībām kvalitatīvu mežaudžu izveidē.)
For the first time in Latvia and Baltic Sea region comprehensive study of the influence of genetic factors on branch properties in different parts of (...)
For the first time in Latvia and Baltic Sea region comprehensive study of the influence of genetic factors on branch properties in different parts of stem will be carried out. This will provide the opportunity to significantly improve branching quality of fast growing trees, originating from seed orchard seeds, and in this way increase their suitability for needs of wood-processing industry. Similar improvements will be achieved also via detailed analysis of chemical and mechanical properties of wood as well as wood resistance to bio-degradation for clones, selected for seed orchard establishment. Use of seeds form the clones, selected in the project, would improve economical (faster growing and higher quality trees), social (increased employment in forestry sector) and ecological (increased CO2 sequestration, secured genetic diversity, improved adaptability) sustainability of forest management.
Latvia Details
INLOES Non-linear interactions of oceanic scales with the Earth Simulator (Etude des interactions non-linéaires des échelles océaniques grâce au Earth Simulator)
Non-linear interactions of oceanic scales with the Earth Simulator (...)
Non-linear interactions of oceanic scales with the Earth Simulator
France Details
  Ongoing Climatic Change and its impact to the Society Development (Prebiehajúca klimatická zmena a jej dopady na rozvoj spoločnosti)
The project is implemented under the Slovakian national R&D programme "Actual problems of the Society"  where the content of the supported (...)
The project is implemented under the Slovakian national R&D programme "Actual problems of the Society"  where the content of the supported projects is wide.
Aim of the project is the preparation of measures to adapt to the society and economy, the potential impacts of ongoing climate change in terms of regional development in Slovakia and a review of adaptation measures in terms of regional development.
Slovakia Details
ECOGIS Appiano Portal on power management in the Municipality of Appiano (Italy) (Il portale sulla gestione energetica del Comune di Appiano)
By this Web portal, the Municipality of Appiano (Italy) provides to decision makers, technical stakeholders and citizens a tool for planning actions (...)
By this Web portal, the Municipality of Appiano (Italy) provides to decision makers, technical stakeholders and citizens a tool for planning actions necessary to a rational usage of energy power. Online access is assured by a mapping interface and simple query tools to allow visualization of power data of buildings. 
Italy Details

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