ICT-ENSURE Information System on Research Programmes in the Field of ICT for Environmental Sustainability

ICT-ENSURE Information System on Research Programmes in the Field of ICT for Environmental Sustainability ICT-ENSURE Information System on Research Programmes in the Field of ICT for Environmental Sustainability European Commission: ICT for Sustainable Growth European Commission CORDIS Seventh Framework Programme KIT - Karlsruhe Institute of Technology Graz University of Technology, Knowledge Management Institute International Society for Environmental Protection
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Target Group 4
Research, Science

Programmes assigned to this field

Nº 11 / SAESCTN / 2009 2009 Call for R&D Projects in Digital Media (SISTEMA DE APOIO A ENTIDADES DO SISTEMA CIENTÍFICO E TECNOLÓGICO NACIONAL (SAESCTN))
Terms of Reference for the Call for Research and Development Projects UT Austin-Portugal Program International Collaboratory for Emerging (...)

Terms of Reference for the Call for Research and Development Projects


UT Austin-Portugal Program

International Collaboratory for Emerging Technologies, CoLab


ABSTRACT

This document provides relevant information to the Call for Research and Development Projects for the UT Austin | Portugal Program , issued by the Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia (FCT).

1 – Project Areas

In the Framework of the “International Collaboratory for Emerging Technologies, CoLab”, UT Austin|Portugal Program, the Foundation for Science and Technology, FCT, opens a call for the funding of Joint Research and Development Projects in the subject areas specified below by the Program and announced in the website www.utaustinportugal.org . The call is directed to integrated teams of specialists and researchers in areas related to Digital Media, and supports two types of projects, Exploratory and Strategic. Researchers from the areas of computer science and mathematics with interests in the target areas are encouraged to prepare proposals with media researchers. In assembling a proposal, applicants should note the need to include members from multiple universities (including the University of Texas at Austin). We also encourage applicants to carefully develop their proposals in accordance with the outlines below. For the purposes of coordinating with University of Texas personnel, videoconferencing facilities are available.

Type 1 - Exploratory R&D Projects interactive and Advanced Digital Media

This call for Research and Development projects encourages the submission of high risk, exploratory research projects in interactive and advanced Digital Media, bringing together new research ideas and experts working in various related areas. These smaller projects are of more limited duration (see below), and should emphasize graduate student involvement. Proposed research areas include (but are not limited to):

- Environmental music;

- Digital imaging techniques and applications;

- Generative art and its applications;

- Data visualization;

- Strategic uses of digital media in social and/or cultural contexts;

- Contextual and content-driven use of digital interfaces;

- Behavioral analysis based on sensor networks and location-based data;

- Human-computer partnerships and their outcomes for creating new knowledge, new models of research and analysis, and new forms of culture;

- Molecular electronics and digital media;

- Multi-sensorial displays;

- Interfaces using new display technologies;

- Real time video simulations;

- Online video editing;

- Interactive info-graphics;

- Unlimited video archiving;

- Regeneration/repurposing of old media for new purposes;

- Balance between trust and privacy.

· Type 2 - Strategic Research and development projects in Interactive and Advanced Digital Media

This second category of R&D projects is open to the submission of research work oriented towards three strategic areas of CoLab. The three areas include:

- The Future of Television;

- The Future of News;

- Interactive Media Environments / Serious Games.

In each area only the highest quality and most comprehensive project(s) will be approved. Projects must involve at least two distinct research groups in Portugal, include the participation of PhD students, and close collaboration with at least one other research group at The University of Texas at Austin and, if appropriate, a relevant company. The participation of industry is optional, although it would be preferable to include a related industry operating in Portugal or in Austin, (and preferably an industry affiliate of the UT-Portugal program). All projects must address sustainability issues. Research approaches that use data visualization and imaging are encouraged.

The Future of Television – Proposals should address research topics that reflect and reach beyond the current state of digital media and the directions in which the television industry is heading. As the environments of “screens” that make video content available to users in daily life multiply, the notion of television and its industrial forms is evolving. Possible research areas may include: the evolving technological infrastructure and best practices in networked production; consumer behavior and attitudes with “new” media forms; adoption and penetration rates of key technologies in the production and distribution environments and models for gathering future data; new formats/interfaces/distribution platforms; possible roles for Internet-based distribution models; business and economic performance indicators in new platform environments; and reaching and engaging audiences/users in new ways. Visualization and imaging techniques for working with relevant data may represent one avenue of investigation.

The Future of News - Proposals should address research topics in areas relevant to the evolution of news. As with television, models for news creation, circulation and distribution, and consumption are changing rapidly. If news is to maintain its currency for democracy and public life, new models for business, news/information creation and distribution must emerge that meaningfully intersect news consumption patterns. Possible research topics might include: New tools for news production; collaborative news production; data mining (in archives, the Internet and user behavior); archiving and information management for news purposes; novel methodologies for managing large datasets (for example, with compressive sampling); automatic tools for handling news in multiple formats (text, audio and video); advertising; using infography in news; the role of social networks in news creation and circulation; how business models can adjust to new consumer behavior in information/news acquisition.

Research questions may include some of the following: How do users collectively create and filter the stream of news information? What problems (cognitive, search and retrieval, etc.) do they face? What is the relationship between journalism as a profession and the growing contributions from blogs and other informal news sources? What new challenges do collective modes of news production create and which strategies might meet those challenges? How will technology-driven changes in advertising markets reshape the news media landscape? How might new tools for visualizing and artfully presenting large data sets reduce the need for human intermediaries between facts and news consumers? What new kinds of questions can professional journalists ask and answer using digital technologies? Which new business models are appropriate for the news industry, and what are their strengths and weaknesses? What is the nature and impact of viral distribution patterns? How has news consumption changed over the past five years, and why? Visualization and imaging techniques for working with relevant data may represent one avenue of investigation.

Interactive media environments / Serious Games - Proposals should address research topics on the technologies and forms of application of interactive media environments / serious games, particularly in education and culture. Topics may include areas such as 3D, mobility, location-awareness, massively multiplayer online games (MMOGs), interactive boards, game strategies and paradigms for user-defined games for culture and education. New ways to use and think about computer-based tools as well as emerging social (individual and group or collective) behaviors may figure into research in this domain. This program area also seeks research on collaborative knowledge building in interactive environments. Demonstrations of serious games for educational purposes may represent one fruitful avenue for investigation. Emerging technologies (hardware, software) that enhance or extend new qualities of interactivity also may be supported. Human-computer partnerships and their outcomes for creating new knowledge, new models of research and analysis, and new forms of culture may represent an exciting research domain. Data visualization and imaging approaches or inquiries may be integrated into significant questions in this domain.

2 - PARTICIPATING ENTITIES

For Exploratory Projects : The Principal Investigator should hold a PhD degree and the proposed research must involve at least two distinct research groups in Portugal and collaboration with a research team(s) at The University of Texas at Austin. The proposed research project must include young researchers in Portugal, preferably with PhD students associated with the UT Austin-Portugal Program. Participation of researchers working across multiple disciplinary approaches is encouraged. Faculty members from The University of Texas at Austin must be involved in the development of research proposals.

For Strategic Projects : Applications must come from projects with two or more research teams of public or private national institutions in Portugal, together with a research team from The University of Texas at Austin and must have the participation of PhD students. The participation of companies is encouraged, especially companies working in Portugal or/and in Austin, and preferably industrial affiliates of the UT Austin|Portugal Program. The Principal Investigator should hold a PhD degree. The proposed research project should include young researchers in Portugal, preferably PhD students associated with the UT Austin|Portugal Program. Faculty members from The University of Texas at Austin are expected to be involved in the development of research proposals. All projects should have a sustainability plan.

3 – ELEMENTS OF THE PROPOSAL

The research proposal must include a literature review that highlights the contemporary state of the research in the proposed area, indicate the positioning of the proposed project in the current research domain, and include explicit statements regarding how the proposed project will contribute to knowledge. The proposal should include specific research questions and provide indicators of the intended outcomes of the research (How would one know if the research was successful? What is a reasonable number of expected publications?). The proposal must contain a detailed research design and/or methodology indicating how the research will be carried out. A procedure for assessing the outcome (an evaluation, for example) should be included.

Pre-proposals are welcome but are limited to three pages in length. Pre-proposals will be accorded special attention and feedback provided to improve the likelihood of research proposal acceptance. Pre-proposals are due no later than 15 of October 2009. It is expected that proposal preparation will occur with intensive participation from research teams across universities. As noted above, videoconferencing may aid in the planning process.

4 - FUNDING

FCT’s public funding will cover human resources, funding for missions, general spending and equipment expenditures. Special relevance will be given in projects that include private co-funding.

The projects are funded by the Ministry of Science, Technology and Higher Education (MCTES).

Exploratory

The expected duration of each project should be between 12 and 24 months and the budget for each project in Portugal should not exceed 50K€. Funding for The University of Texas at Austin’s faculty members will be provided through CoLab at The University of Texas at Austin and is primarily designed to fund graduate student assistance alongside some ancillary (e.g., travel) costs.

Strategic

The expected duration of each project should be between 18 and 24 months and the budget for each project in Portugal should not exceed 250K€, for The Future of Television, The Future of News and Interactive Media Environments/Serious Games areas. Large capital costs will not be approved.

Funding for The University of Texas at Austin’s faculty members will be provided through CoLab at The University of Texas at Austin and is primarily designed to fund faculty participation and graduate student assistance alongside some ancillary (e.g., travel) costs .

Regulations governing access to funding are available at:

http://alfa.fct.mctes.pt/apoios/projectos/regulamento

5 – APPLICATIONS SUBMISION

The call will be open from September 7th 2009 (9:00 am, GMT+0), until December 11th 2009 at 17:00pm (Portuguese time).

Applications should be submitted electronically (in English) at the website http://concursos.fct.mctes.pt/projectos , starting on September 7th 2009 .

No other forms of submission will be accepted.

6 – EVALUATION AND SELECTION METHODOLOGY

All teams will have their proposals screened by the UT Austin team coordinators with help of external referees appointed by them.

The evaluation and selection process is based on the following criterion:

· The project’s relevance with the subjects defined for each area;

· Scientific merit, relevance, originality and expected results of the proposed project;

· Scientific merit and productivity of the research teams and their qualifications to execute the project;

· Ability to execute the work plan and within a reasonable budget and timeline;

· Ability to integrate the Portuguese research centers, (particularly PH.D. students), and/or involve companies.

Special consideration will be given to the following aspects:

- Involvement of undergraduate and graduate researchers in training;

- Consortia spanning two or more Portuguese universities or R&D institutions;

- Funding and participation from industrial partners.

No applications will be accepted from coordinators that are in a situation of unjustified unfulfillment of the requirements with the FCT, regarding the presentation of the Report for the Project’s execution and the return of unspent money.

7 – ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

The application forms and call regulations (in Portuguese) are available online, during the period of the call in http://www.fct.mctes.pt/projectos/concursos .

For more information on this call, please visit the Program’s official website ( www.utaustinportugal.org ) or send your questions to the directors of your interest areas: dm.colab@fct.mctes.pt (for Digital Media).

Portugal Details
APPRAISE Aerosol Properties, Processes And Influences on the Earth's climate (Aerosol Properties, Processes And Influences on the Earth's climate)
Core Objectives To achieve its overall objectives, add value to the consortia activities and provide a strategic vision for aerosols research, (...)
Core Objectives
To achieve its overall objectives, add value to the consortia activities and provide a strategic vision for aerosols research, APPRAISE will seek to fund several key scientific areas that provide underpinning science to the programme. The activities have been targeted such that they will facilitate and assist more than one of the consortia. Details of the rationale and targets of each of these areas can be found in Appendix 2 of the Science Plan (see Resources).
The key objectives of the elements of the core programme are outlined below:
Formation Pathways and Properties of Organic Aerosols
Main deliverables:
An improved description of secondary organic aerosol production
A framework for assessing its role in the behaviour of mixed component aerosol
Improved Representation and Validation of the Radiative Properties and Impacts of Aerosols and Clouds
Main deliverables:
A community radiative transfer model that can be both simplified or made more complex and so be incorporated into a wide range of aerosol models, and an assessment of the quality of the required inputs.
Provision of aerosol optical depth, size distribution and refractive index such as is already available from the development/enhancement of existing sunphotometer measurements in the UK.
A database of aerosol products including aerosol optical depth, aerosol Angstrom coefficients, aerosol size distributions, and single scattering albedo, and similar products for specific FAAM aircraft operations/dedicated aerosol measurement campaigns.
Development of a Global Model to Investigate Key Aerosol and Cloud Processes
Main deliverables:
A global aerosol model that is capable of (i) carrying the main aerosol types, (ii) deal with complex mixing states and (iii) act as a key stage in the hierarchical testing of aerosol processes in APPRAISE.
Coordination of the development of the hierarchical model development, interfacing with other modelling effort in the UK.
Improved Coupling of In Situ Cloud Measurements with Novel Model Schemes
Main deliverables:
Improved treatment of cloud/aerosol interactions in cloud resolving models including explicit aerosol and cloud microphysics that is based on an improved knowledge of the interaction of clouds and aerosol especially mixed phase clouds
United Kingdom Details
ACES Antarctic Climate and Earth Systems (Antarctic Climate and Earth Systems)
Objectives: Understand the interactions between atmosphere, sea-ice and ocean at high southern latitudes Develop models to aid our understanding (...)
Objectives:
Understand the interactions between atmosphere, sea-ice and ocean at high southern latitudes
Develop models to aid our understanding of Antarctic regional processes and enable us to represent essential regional phenomena in global models covering both the atmosphere and the ocean
Determine the nature and influence of the principal connections between Antarctica and the global climate system
Determine the importance of water masses of Antarctic origin in the global ocean circulation
Determine the sensitivity of the global climate system to processes occurring or originating in the Antarctic
United Kingdom Details
MONTABIO Complex monitoring system for analytical detection and biological evaluation of soil micropollutants for a sustainable environment (Komplex monitoring rendszer összeállítása talaj-mikroszennyezők analitikai kimutatására és biológiai értékelésére a fenntartható környezetért)
The objective of this project is to develop a soil contamination monitoring system capable of complex survey of typical soil contaminants using (...)
The objective of this project is to develop a soil contamination monitoring system capable of complex survey of typical soil contaminants using up-to-date sampling and measurement techniques, and therefore, eliminating environmental protection and environmental analytical limitations due to the agricultural focus of the presently functioning Soil Protection and Monitoring Information System.
Hungary Details
MiKlip Decadal Climate Prediction (Mittelfristige Klimaprognosen (MiKlip))
The objective of the proposed funding measure is to develop a model system for forecasting the expected climate changes and its related extreme (...)
The objective of the proposed funding measure is to develop a model system for forecasting the expected climate changes and its related extreme weather phenomena on a time scale of up to ten years with consideration of both, anthropogenically induced changes and natural climate variation. In technical terms, methods of seasonal forecasting must be combined with climate projection methods.

Apart from short-term forecasting on the one hand and long-term climate scenarios on the other hand, there is an increasing need for reliable climate information covering periods of several years up to even decades, because economic planning and also planning in politics and society usually refer to periods of around ten years. The model system that is to be developed within the framework of this funding measure is expected to contribute to the generation of reliable information on the climate development on these time horizons. The resulting climate forecasts will provide the basis for improving the capacity of industry and society to adapt to future climate variations. This funding measure is motivated by the needs of these end users.

Work on the new model system will entail great new challenges for the development of existing and new methods. This covers in particular the determination of the initial state, the description of the processes that are crucial for decadal climate prediction (e. g. modelling of the cryosphere or biosphere), the increase of spatial resolution through regionalization, the improvement or adaptation of statistical post-processing, and last but not least, the synthesis and validation of the entire model system.

The present approach widens the range of research activities and measures on how to deal with climate change as part of the High-Tech Strategy (HTS) for Climate Protection in the area "Knowledge - a basis for climate protection and adaptation".
Germany Details
  Environmental Genomics (Environmental Genomics)
Studying genes and the environment The Environmental Genomics programme has been acquiring and exploiting sequence data for whole and partial (...)
Studying genes and the environment
The Environmental Genomics programme has been acquiring and exploiting sequence data for whole and partial genomes, helping us to understand environmental biology.
One important aim has been to demonstrate to the environmental community, in particular regulators and industry, how post-genomic technologies can be applied to tackle environmental issues.
United Kingdom Details
EMS Environmental Mathematics & Statistics (Environmental Mathematics & Statistics)
Objectives: The programme aimed to: produce more life and environmental scientists who are able to use mathematical, statistical and modelling (...)

Objectives:
The programme aimed to:

produce more life and environmental scientists who are able to use mathematical, statistical and modelling techniques when addressing environmental problems

produce more mathematicians who are working on life science or environmental problems, or devising tools and methods for them.

make mathematicians and statisticians familiar with the practicalities of environmental investigations and

give environmental scientists sufficient understanding of the power (and limitations) of leading-edge mathematical and statistical methodologies, so as to facilitate effective collaborations when tackling environmental issues and devising new approaches to currently insoluble problems

United Kingdom Details
UPB Environmental Probe Database of the German Federation (Umweltprobenbank des Bundes)
Aufgaben und Ziele Im Rahmen der Umweltprobenbank werden systematisch Umweltproben aus repräsentativen Ökosystemen der Bundesrepublik (...)

Aufgaben und Ziele

Im Rahmen der Umweltprobenbank werden systematisch Umweltproben aus repräsentativen Ökosystemen der Bundesrepublik Deutschland gewonnen, charakterisiert und bei Temperaturen unter minus 150° C so gelagert, dass sich die chemische Zusammensetzung ihrer Inhaltsstoffe über Jahrzehnte nicht verändert.

Zur Gewährleistung des hohen wissenschaftlichen Anspruchs an die Umweltprobenbank wurden während der Aufbauphase vorrangig folgende Aufgaben bearbeitet:

 

Die Belegproben der Umweltprobenbank sollen insbesondere für folgende Aufgaben genutzt werden:

  • Kontinuierliche Überwachung der Konzentration gegenwärtig bereits bekannter Schadstoffe durch systematische Charakterisierung (Monitoring) der gewonnenen Proben vor ihrer Archivierung;
  • Trendaussagen über lokale, regionale und globale Entwicklungen der Schadstoffbelastungen auf der Grundlage authentischen Materials aus der Vergangenheit (Trend- und ökotoxikologische Aussagen);
  • Bestimmung der Konzentration von Stoffen, die zur Zeit der Einlagerung (Sicherung) noch nicht als Schadstoffe erkannt waren oder nicht mit ausreichender Genauigkeit analysiert werden konnten (retrospektives Monitoring);
  • Überprüfung früher ermittelter Monitoring-Ergebnisse;
  • Anwendung standardisierter Methodenbeschreibungen (Standardarbeitsanweisungen) für Probentransport, -aufarbeitung, -charakterisierung und -lagerung als notwendige Voraussetzung zur Gewinnung vergleichbarer Ergebnisse;
  • Verwendung als Referenzproben zur Dokumentation der analytischen Leistungsverbesserung.
Germany Details
  Food LINK programme (Food LINK programme)
The food industry is continuing to experience the demands of increased consumer expectations and the opportunities and challenges of the Single (...)
The food industry is continuing to experience the demands of increased consumer expectations and the opportunities and challenges of the Single European Market. The industry increasingly needs to employ advanced manufacturing techniques which allow greater process flexibility, increased efficiency in the use of energy and raw materials and reduction in waste generation.
United Kingdom Details
PEI GAUSS - PhD Programme for Environmental Informatics (GAUSS - Promotionsprogramm für Umweltinformatik)
Die Umweltinformatik wird hier in umfassendem Sinne als integratives Fach aus Bio-, Öko-, Geoinformatik und Wissenschaftliches Rechnen verstanden, (...)

Die Umweltinformatik wird hier in umfassendem Sinne als integratives Fach aus Bio-, Öko-, Geoinformatik und Wissenschaftliches Rechnen verstanden, die jede für sich Objekte, Strukturen, regulatorische Netzwerke, Prozesse (Signale, Stoff- und Informationsflüsse) u.ä. auf verschiedenen Skalen- und Integrationsniveaus mit Informatikwerkzeugen studieren und modellieren. Unter dem Dach der Umweltinformatik sollte der Wissenstransfer und die systemorientierte Integration über Skalenstufen der raumbezogenen Bio-, Öko- und Umweltsysteme mittels moderner Informatik Methoden und Technologien gefördert und verbessert werden. Durch die Etablierung des Master- und Promotionsprogramms in Umweltinformatik, eingebettet in GAUSS und in die Forschungslandschaft Göttingen, wird auch diesem wichtigen Integrationsansatz auf Systemebene durch eine effiziente akademische und bildungsbezogene Maßnahme Rechnung getragen. Die exzellente biologische, ökosystemare, umweltbezogene und mathematische Forschung in Göttingen erfordert die Etablierung eines entsprechenden integrativen Master- und Promotionsprogramms in Umweltinformatik, aus dem wichtige innovative wissenschaftliche Impulse und Beiträge erwartet werden.

Unter der Federführung der Fakultät für Mathematik und Informatik und unter Beteiligung der Fakultäten für Forstwissenschaften und Waldökologie, für Biologie und für Geowissenschaften und Geographie, ist das Programm für Umweltinformatik (PEI) Bestandteil der "Georg-August University School of Science", Acronym: GAUSS und der im Aufbau befindlichen "Göttingen Graduate School of Terrestical Ecosystems", Acronym GGTE.

 
Germany Details
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Projects assigned to this field

  Atomic and continuous media technological process modeling, improvement and qualitative study and mathematical methods. (Atomāro un nepārtrauktās vides tehnoloģisko fizikālo procesu modelēšana, matemātisko metožu pilnveide un kvalitatīva izpēte. )
Create a new interdisciplinary scientific research group to study atomic and technological and physical processes of continuous media in (...)
Create a new interdisciplinary scientific research group to study atomic and technological and physical processes of continuous media in the sphere of mathematical modeling. The group will include the Latvian University, Faculty of Physics and Mathematical Physics and Mathematics departments young scientists, PhD students and students of the total number of not less than 30, contributing to faster growth and study quality, combining the current group of young researchers in the individual researchers.
Latvia Details
Change Detection Automatic Detection of Changes in Satellite Image Series (Automatische Erkennung von Veränderungen in Satellitenbilddatenreihen)
Plötzliche Veränderungen, die durch Naturkatastrophen oder andere Zerstörungen hervorgerufen werden, stehen im Fokus des Projektes«, so Prof. Ehlers. (...)
Plötzliche Veränderungen, die durch Naturkatastrophen oder andere Zerstörungen hervorgerufen werden, stehen im Fokus des Projektes«, so Prof. Ehlers. »Besonders Einsatzkräfte, die in Krisengebiete geschickt werden, haben großes Interesse daran, schnell und zuverlässig zu erfahren, wo im Zielgebiet die größten Veränderungen zu finden sind«, ergänzt Prof. Michel. »Hierdurch lässt sich wertvolle Zeit für Bergungsarbeiten gewinnen«. Die Wissenschaftler entwickeln derzeit gemeinsam neue Software zur Auswertung von Satellitenbildern. Diese sollen über eine Kombination von Algorithmen, die Form, Farbe und Texturen von Bildobjekten berücksichtigen, Umwelt- und Naturveränderungen automatisch anzeigen.
Germany Details
CALIOPE CALIOPE - Air quality forecasting system for Spain (CALIOPE- Sistema de pronóstico de la calidad del aire opertaivo para España)
This project aims to implement simulations forecasting (up to 48 hours) of air quality through an integrated system of models that represent the (...)
This project aims to implement simulations forecasting (up to 48 hours) of air quality through an integrated system of models that represent the current state of knowledge in air quality modeling, enabling the application of simulations of photochemical gaseous pollutants and particulate matter with high spatial resolution (1 to 4 km) and temporal (and therefore enable effective implementation of supercomputing infrastructure.) The proposed system consists of a model system with three basic modules: (1) mesoscale meteorological model, (2) emission model, and (3) air quality model. The system will be complemented by a fourth module to validate the results of the predictions that will qualitatively and quantitatively identify the system's ability to forecast pollution episodes air quality.
Spain Details
SPII1A0/45/07 Complex interaction between natural processes and industry with regards to major accident prevention (Komplexní interakce mezi přírodními ději a průmyslem s ohledem na prevenci závažných havárií a krizové řízení)
The project is implemented within the frame of the Research Programme Ministry of Environment for years 2007-2011. The goal of the Research Programme (...)
The project is implemented within the frame of the Research Programme Ministry of Environment for years 2007-2011. The goal of the Research Programme Ministry of Environment is to ensure protection of the environment by means of sustainable use of sources, on the basis of improving the quality of knowledge on interactions of biosphere, ecosystems, and human activities, in particular on the territory of the Czech Republic. The emphasis is put on predicting climate changes, on instruments and technologies for monitoring, prevention, and mitigation of environmental pressures and risks including health risks, as well as on protection of natural and artificial environment.
Czech Republic Details
  Computational Methods for Quality & Utilization of Models & Data
Utilisation of computer models and digital data, and establishing mechanisms assuring their quality are essential for research at PIK. Concerning (...)

Utilisation of computer models and digital data, and establishing mechanisms assuring their quality are essential for research at PIK. Concerning this matter, the group aims in close cooperation with the other Research Domains and PIK-IT at the development of concepts and the implementation of computational methods.

The following interrelated focal points are addressed by the group. They are of significant and continuous relevance to sustain PIK’s research process.

  • Integrated data utilisation aims at integrated and flexible utilisation of available, yet considerably heterogeneous data. General and extensible data frameworks are designed and developed that provide standardised and integrated access to data resources and data transformation and processing functionality.
  • Data quality analysis is approached by systematic quality investigations. The base idea is to generally systemise quality measures, adapt them to specific disciplines and provide a set of strongly linked statistical and visualisation methods.
  • Analysis of model sensitivity and uncertainty to fluctuations in a model’s input space is a key technique for model evaluation and quality assurance. Methods to generate efficient deterministic and probabilistic experimentation plans and to analyse multi-run experiments are identified and implemented.
  • Sustainability and assurance of model quality by software engineering addresses source code quality maintenance, testing and debugging in a transdisciplinary research environment by modern software engineering methods like code analysis, refactoring and automatic documentation for large legacy model codes.
  • A cross-cutting focus is the adaptation and development of visualisation methods including exploration methods for large-volume and multivariate datasets and comparative approaches for scenario / experiment analyses.

The overall approach is to bridge the gap between domain experts and/or decision makers and available information technologies. Problem analysis is carried out in close co-operation with domain experts to systematically identify requirements and match them with IT methods and software solutions. State-of-the-art technologies, concepts and methods are integrated / provided / adapted / enhanced for research processes. New concepts and methods are developed together with external research partners to meet PIK-specific requirements. The group builds on its expertise in a number of common base technologies, including simulation, data bases / warehouses, compute and storage grid, parallelisation, human-computer interaction, visual and statistical data analysis, software engineering and code analysis.

Germany Details
BIOSKALESTER Design and evaluation of ageing-resistant biodegradable esters with controllable flammability (Kontroliuojamo degumo ir atsparių senėjimui bioskalių esterių kūrimas ir įvertinimas)
Sizeable polymer plants “Orion Global PET” and Joint Stock Company “Neo Group” are operating in Lithuania along with the lubricant manufacturer “SCT (...)
Sizeable polymer plants “Orion Global PET” and Joint Stock Company “Neo Group” are operating in Lithuania along with the lubricant manufacturer “SCT Lubricants”, all being interested in local suppliers. As raw materials in plastics and lubricants, various esters, manufactured by traditional chemical methods, are often used. Manufacture of biodiesel, which is also an ester, is growing in Lithuania. Since it is subsidized by government, it is important to diversify this production and offer the technology for the products of higher value, because the biodiesel subsidies will be reduced and eliminated eventually. This project is devoted to development of new technologies for producing higher value added products utilizing biotechnological synthesis from oils, fats and other renewable resources. Most promising samples will be selected and new manufacturing technologies will be introduced for production and evaluation of pilot scale experimental products: low flammability ageing-resistant biodegradable esters. Esters’ suitability for two applications will be investigated: 1) as plasticizers, used in manufacture of plastics, and 2) as base oils, used in manufacture of biolubricants. Plasticizers influence not only mechanical elasticity and durability of plastics, but also their odor, toxicity in contact with food, flammability due to exposure to fire, and consumer safety. Base oils are used for manufacturing of lubricants by dissolving functional additives in them. They dictate most lubricant properties, among those flammability and resistance to ageing. Both plasticizers and biolubricant base oils are made from organic esters, manufactured using chemical methods. Broad experience of lipase-based synthesis is accumulated in Lithuania and can be used in biotechnological synthesis of esters. The process conditions will be selected in such manner that esters, produced using glycols, would target the most important technical requirements, specified for polymer plasticizers and biolubricant base oils. Transesterification reactions using glycols will be carried out, along with lipase-based modification of alkyl chains. Acyl chain structure will be controlled by choosing selective lipases, interacting differently with specific fatty acids. Also the investigations will involve screening for selectivity towards fatty acids by carrying out the biotechnological synthesis in emulsions, replacing lipases with their producers and concurrently evaluating the influence of emulsifiers on lipase inactivation. Such selectivity would give an opportunity to control the flammability of obtained biodegradable esters. In addition to the studies of synthesis directions, experimental methodologies will be developed with the purpose of rapid testing of material’s suitability for plasticizers and biolubricant base oils. Not only their flammability and ageing will be evaluated, but also the volatility, hydrolysis and interaction between comparison samples with functional additives and system components. Most promising directions of biotechnological synthesis will be supplemented with appropriate processing stages, which would improve technical parameters of biodegradable esters. It will be attempted to evaluate the quality of experimental production from the pilot scale manufacture by providing its samples to potential users. Developed technology of biodegradable ester production will be optimized by reducing the manufacturing costs. Research conclusions will be made available to interested organizations, including polymer, biodiesel and lubricant manufacturers in Lithuania.
 
Lithuania Details
ZSU Development of an Object-Oriented Model Catalog for Unification of Road Data and Environmental Information (Entwicklung eines objektorientierten Modellkatalogs für die Zusammenführung von Straßendaten und Umweltinformationen)
Objective of ZSU  is the Unification of road and environmental information for linking objects from the Environmental Information System (UIS) (...)
Objective of ZSU  is the Unification of road and environmental information for linking objects from the Environmental Information System (UIS) and objects from the Administration (SBV), coming along with a reduction of existing media breaks.
Germany Details
  Development of Multifunctional Materials Heterostructures for Hydrogen Fuel Cells
 Changes of microstructure, phase composition and surface morphology to be investigated, surface topography analyzed. Coupling processes (...)
 Changes of microstructure, phase composition and surface morphology to be investigated, surface topography analyzed. Coupling processes occurring  to be registered and correlated with hydrogenation properties. Impact of surface to be analyzed.
Lithuania Details
  Development of the Numerical Weather Prediction towards the Forecasting of Atmospheric Environment
Aim of the project is to develop, via connection of the numerical weather prediction model HIRLAM with the chemical transport model SILAM and (...)
Aim of the project is to develop, via connection of the numerical weather prediction model HIRLAM with the chemical transport model SILAM and sectional aerosol model SALSA, a high-resolution limited-area model of atmospheric dynamics, which will enable an integrated modelling of the aerosol-related processes in parallel with dynamics of other meteorological fields and parameters, and in mutual interaction with them.
(Estonian Research IS)
Estonia Details
Cadenza disy Cadenza
Cadenza is a platform for comprehensive reporting and analysis of factual and spatial data. Using Cadenza, all users can search for, analyse and (...)
Cadenza is a platform for comprehensive reporting and analysis of factual and spatial data. Using Cadenza, all users can search for, analyse and visualise all kinds of data. Cadenza is not just a ready to use software product, but also serves as an integration framework for specific applications: Additional components can be easily integrated. Cadenza unfolds its full potential especially when solutions require a joint and seamless management of numerical and spatial data.

Cadenza has been developed by disy (www.disy.net) under the programme KEWA.
During KEWA II, the projects Cadenza and GISterm (GISterm 3D) were joined in the KEWA context and continued as

disy Cadenza/GISterm WE (Weiterentwicklung, further development) and
disy Cadenza/GISterm NF (Neue Fachanwendungen, new field applications)

(see KEWA III, IV and V)


Germany Details
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