ICT-ENSURE Information System on Research Programmes in the Field of ICT for Environmental Sustainability

ICT-ENSURE Information System on Research Programmes in the Field of ICT for Environmental Sustainability ICT-ENSURE Information System on Research Programmes in the Field of ICT for Environmental Sustainability European Commission: ICT for Sustainable Growth European Commission CORDIS Seventh Framework Programme KIT - Karlsruhe Institute of Technology Graz University of Technology, Knowledge Management Institute International Society for Environmental Protection
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Sustainability Field 2.2.4
Waste, Pollutants

Programmes assigned to this field

OP ŽP PO5 Reducing Industrial pollution and reducing environmental risks (Omezování průmyslového znečištění a snižování environmentálních rizik)
Limitation of industrial pollution and environmental risks belongs to the priorities of the European Union in the field of the environment. (...)

Limitation of industrial pollution and environmental risks belongs to the priorities of the
European Union in the field of the environment. Industrial pollution poses risks to human
health and the environment.
Strategies applied so far to reduce environmental load caused by industrial production (endof-pipe technologies, recycling, regeneration) step back. Emphasis is laid on integrated prevention which means transition from the end-of-pipe technologies to the best available techniques (BAT) and the environmental protection in its entirety. The prerequisite needed to reduce the risks is detailed monitoring from the viewpoint of mass and energy balance and the processing of information into the databases made available to the public.
The European Community requirements on reducing environmental loads are an incentive to seek savings in the production, to replace some substances for less harmful ones, to strive for and develop new technologies, technological and technical innovations, which significantly supports the growth, increase of competitiveness and sustainable development. Limitation of industrial pollution and environmental risks is also favourable to economic growth of the regions, to the improvement of human health, and also supports the environmental improvement in its entirety. 
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Czech Republic Details
WREP Waste and Resources Evidence Programme (Waste and Resources Evidence Programme)
WREP's overall aim is to deliver a robust sustainable waste and resources management evidence base for informed policy development, implementation, (...)
WREP's overall aim is to deliver a robust sustainable waste and resources management evidence base for informed policy development, implementation, monitoring and evaluation, which incorporates an effective mechanism for assembling, analysing and communicating outputs.
United Kingdom Details

Projects assigned to this field

PSE-CO2 PSE-CO2: Advanced processes of generation, sequestration and storage of CO2 (Tecnologías avanzadas de generación, captura y almacenamiento de CO2)
CO2 storage in geological structures has been suggested as a possible solution for reducing the emissions of this gas at short term. Geologic (...)

CO2 storage in geological structures has been suggested as a possible solution for reducing the emissions of this gas at short term. Geologic sequestration of CO2 can be accomplished by separating CO2 from flue gases and subsequently injecting it into a variety of storage reservoirs, including brine aquifers, producing or depleted oil and gas reservoirs and coal beds.

The PSE project is devoted to the injection of CO2 in deep saline aquifers, although a great part of the developments can be also applied to other geological formations. The main objective of the PSE project is to get a protocol and plan for the exploration and use of potential CO2 storage geological sites. Three fundamental research lines has been established on this context:

a) Study of analogue processes. Nature often reproduces the anthropogenic processes very well. The study of these processes (analogy study) provides data that are relevant when applied to certain activities. In the context of geological storage, there are natural reservoirs of CO2 that reproduce two fundamental scenarios: the storage and the leak. Studying these two processes can help to understand the behavior of CO2 within the subsoil and the detection of leaks. On the other hand, other industrial projects are developing techniques and materials that are very similar to those needed in the CO2 geological storage. This could be considered as a starting point in the definition of the technical specifications involved in an injection test.

b) Modeling and simulation. There are four fundamental factors that should be considered to reproduce the processes arising from the CO2 geological storage: thermal, hydrodynamic, mechanical and geochemical. The coupling of these phenomena is essential in order to properly simulate the injection of CO2. Another important factor to get accurate simulations is a properly geometrical and physical descriptions of the potential storage sites.

c) Methodological development. The capacity and physical properties of a given geological formation are not the only factors in the assessment of its performance as a feasible storage site. There are also some engineering issues that must be taken into account, regarding with the transport and injection operations, as well as the monitoring and control stages. Accordingly, it is necessary to describe the various known tools and specifications to complete the methodologies proposed during previous years.

Depending on the storage reservoir of interest and the composition of the waste gas stream (pure CO2 vs. mixtures of CO2 with other gases), injection of CO2 in geologic formations may give rise to a number of physical and chemical phenomena, such as miscible or immiscible displacement of native fluids, dissolution of injected fluids into reservoir fluids, changes in effective stress with associated porosity and permeability change and the possibility of inducing seismic activity, chemical interactions between fluids and solids, and nonisothermal effects. Key issues arising in process simulation include (i) thermodynamics of sub- and supercritical CO2, and equations of state of mixtures of CO2 with other fluids, including (saline) water, oil, and natural gas; (ii) fluid mechanics of single and multi-phase flow when CO2 is injected into aquifers, oil reservoirs, and natural gas reservoirs; (iii) coupled hydro-chemical effects due to interactions between CO2, reservoir fluids, and primary mineral assemblages; and (iv) coupled hydromechanical effects, such as porosity and permeability change due to increased fluid pressures from CO2 injection; (v) effects of spatial discretization and schemes of integration in time.

There are five fundamental aspects dealing with the CO2 sequestration that are studied by our group in the PSE project:

1) Understand how to transport, separate, purify and, in general, manage the CO2 at the surface and how to inject it.

2) CO2-rich phase flow behavior within the geological site, and how to ensure the isolation at long term.

3) Trapping mechanism of CO2 by dissolution in the aqueous phase, (i.e., bicarbonate and carbonic acid).

4) Interaction between the aqueous solutes and minerals, as well as the capacity of the medium to neutralize the solution and mineralize the CO2 (mineral trapping mechanism).

5) Coupled hydromechanical effects, such as changes in porosity and permeability caused by the fluid pressures due to CO2 injection.

The study of these issues has been divided into four research lines, called: PHASECO2, MIXING, REACTION and HYDROMECHANICAL. The advances of our group involve, on one hand, code development to model and simulate generic situations and case studies. PROOST and CHEPROO codes are the main tools involved in this task. On the other hand, our group is looking into the phenomena related to the establishment of the convective regime, which favors mixing process and thus increments the rates at which CO2 is stored in the aquifer. We also have developed analytical solutions describing the dynamic of the interface between the CO2 and the resident fluid during the injection at supercritical conditions into a deep aquifer. In addition, we study the impact of media heterogeneity (intrinsic permeability) and the injection rate on the dispersion of the interface between the CO2-rich and aqueous phases.

 
Spain Details
SiReNa Sistema Informativo Regionale ENergia Ambiente (Sistema Informativo Regionale ENergia Ambiente)
SIRENA is the Regional Informative System for Environment and Energy for monitoring the safety, efficiency and sustainability of regional energy (...)
SIRENA is the Regional Informative System for Environment and Energy for monitoring the safety, efficiency and sustainability of regional energy system of Lombardy.
SIRENA was founded in 2007 with the specific aim of monitoring fuel consumption and production and transmission / distribution of electricity in Lombardy, parameters critical to the competitiveness and environmental sustainability. With this objective, ensuring a high degree of updating information and communication in full transparency with an innovative service on web, the system provides all the information that, at different territorial levels and compared with other areas of interest, allow to delineate the energy dynamics of Lombardy.
Sirena is produced and managed on behalf of the Lombardy Region, from Cestec spa.

 

Italy Details
NIKM The First Stage of the National Inventory of Contaminated Sites (2009-2012) (Národní inventarizace kontaminovaných míst)
A methodology of global survey of contaminated sites and potentially contaminated sites and the categorisation of priorities to be used as a (...)

A methodology of global survey of contaminated sites and potentially contaminated sites and the categorisation of priorities to be used as a supporting material pro subsequent inventory in the Czech Republic.

Czech Republic Details

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